By Jared Chausow
By Katie Toth
By Elizabeth Flock
By Albert Samaha
By Anna Merlan
By Jon Campbell
By Jon Campbell
By Albert Samaha
Yet no one dismissed the young man's statement as hyperbolic or ahistorical, though many knew it was both, because at the same time, it expressed a galvanizing emotional truth many felt--or desperately wanted to feel. Most significant queer event since Stonewall or not, the unanticipated outpouring for the Shepard march held out some hope that radical queer activism might surge forth once again.
The rush into the streets--and the cops' rough response--led some observers to expect furious queers to swell the ranks at Thursday's annual march against police brutality. While hundreds of queers did come out, the event was a hard draw, as it is organized by fringe groups seldom welcoming to gays. Moreover, it was antigay violence that brought thousands to the streets on the 19th. According to the Anti-Violence Project, antigay bias attacks are up 81 percent in New York this year.
"We had developed a false sense of security," explains Suzy Lee Korn, one of the funeral organizers. "We have Ellen on TV and people got the idea that it's okay to be gay in this culture. But it's not. The murder of Matthew Shepard and the violence here shatter that illusion."
"It's a matter of getting our voice back," adds SharonAnn Lynch, another of the young but seasoned activists who launched the idea for the funeral barely a week before it took place. "Our movement has bureaucratic, acronymed organizations claiming to speak for us, but we haven't had the street presence to push and balance those groups in a long time."
Even as some 120 demonstrators were being arrested in midtown Manhattan, in Washington, the Human Rights Campaign--the $13 million a year gay rights lobbying group--was voting to endorse Senator Alfonse D'Amato. Meanwhile, the group's call for a "faith and family" march on Washington in April 2000 had alienated grassroots gays. "They argue for gay rights by telling straight people we're just like them," says another of the funeral planners, Eustacia Smith. "But people's civil rights shouldn't depend on being just like everybody else."
This split between assimilationist and liberationist visions is as old as the gay movement itself, but in the rightward shift of recent years, the assimilationist side has become dominant. Still, activists like the funeral planners have kept the radical flame alive, enabling it to flare up last week.
All the initiators have years of political experience behind them. Kara Davis, 28, cut her teeth in the sanctuary movement in her home state of Arizona; Joneil Adriano, 24, was suspended when he wore an antiPete Wilson T-shirt to his San Jose high school the day the governor visited; SharonAnn Lynch, 29, was impassioned by antiracism efforts in the south; and so on. Coming out catapulted them into ACT UP, the Lesbian Avengers, the Irish Lesbian and Gay Organization, or other queer groups. And now, as Smith says, "I have a hard time understanding how someone could not be an activist. It's hard to accept that it takes something like the murder of Matthew Shepard to motivate people."
Many of these organizers were among the 20 folks who chained themselves together on Fifth Avenue to block Giuliani's participation in the gay pride parade last June. Just last month, they quickly produced a 470-person march through Park Slope to protest a spate of queer bashings in Brooklyn. "We were riding high on our success with the Brooklyn march when we heard about Matthew Shepard," says Lynch. "We needed to do something."
Using contact lists from former actions, they put out a call for an organizing meeting the Wednesday before the political funeral, and some 30 savvy comrades turned up to take on a range of tasks. They tapped their own networks to mobilize marshals and other staff for the march. Untold faxes, phone calls, e-mails, and wheat pastings later, the organizers were overwhelmed by a response 10 times larger than they'd anticipated.
Something else they hadn't expected was the NYPD's destructive tactics. Every summer some 10,000 raging revelers march down Fifth Avenue for the unpermitted Dyke March, and the cops help prevent danger or nuisance by opening a lane or two of the street. That's what organizers expected on Monday when the crowd surpassed numbers that could remain on the sidewalk. But the police wouldn't even discuss an accommodation.
What's more, the elaborate, safety-ensuring system of marshals, legal observers, and police negotiators that the activists had learned to build over the years was not respected by the NYPD. Indeed, it was swiftly demolished. The two designated negotiators and, soon after, the marshals were arrested, leaving the march with no leadership or direction. The chaos that resulted in some sectors was scary and dangerous, particularly for first-timers who'd only wanted to grieve. Others were, simply, radicalized. "But," asks Davis, "will they stay riled up?"