By Alexis Soloski
By Molly Grogan
By R. C. Baker
By Christian Viveros-FaunÃ©
By Alexis Soloski
By Alexis Soloski
By Lilly Lampe
No one was more surprised than John O'Reilly when he found himself thrust into the muddied limelight of the 1995 Whitney Bienniala 65-year-old virtual unknown sharing space with art stars like Cindy Sherman, Brice Marden, Charles Ray, Nan Goldin, and Mike Kelley. "It was beyond my thinking," he told a reporter at the time, and he still seems cheerfully baffled. "I suppose I really see myself as this lone individual floating out there," he says. "I don't associate myself with other artists. I know I'm part of everything, but I don't feel part of this or that movement."
No wonder. Though O'Reilly's black-and-white Polaroid collages engage the same issues of identity, sexuality, and marginalization that absorb so many younger artists (including a substantial number of his fellow Biennialites, from Catherine Opie to Julio Galán), his work is considerably more hermetic. Perhaps because O'Reilly worked for years with no thought of showing his intricate little pictures, they have the timeless quality of much obsessive art and, along with their maker, appear utterly oblivious of their place in the contemporary art market. Like Joseph Cornell, a defining influence, and Lucas Samaras, the only photographer he'd cite as an inspiration, O'Reilly has created a miniaturized, theatrical, and brilliantly allusive world of his own. The richness and depth of that world is evident in the 33 pieces gathered for the "Photomontage Survey: 19671999" now at Julie Saul (560 Broadway, through July 2; another survey is at Boston's Howard Yezerski Gallery through July 6). Since the earliest of these collages was made when the artist was just shy of 40, even the most minimal have formidable assurance, sly wit, and an effortless command of both art-historical vocabulary and sexual semiotics.
"You might say that art history is my mythical world," O'Reilly has remarked. Though he occupies that world most fully in his photomontagesmany of which incorporate nude self-portraits along with choice bits of Rembrandt, Eakins, De Chirico, or Picassohas provided psychic shelter for nearly all of his adult life. Born in 1930, O'Reilly grew up solidly middle class in Red Bank, New Jersey, and, ever practical, headed to Syracuse University to become an illustrator. But when his illustrations turned out to look more like Modigliani than Norman Rockwell, he took up painting, got his 1956 M.F.A. from the Art Institute of Chicago, and taught art history and design courses at the University of New Hampshire. After four years of that, however, he and his companion, James Tellin, also an artist, left for Spain to do nothing but paint.
"We couldn't afford oil paints or anything, so I worked in pastels," O'Reillygenial, bespectacled, balding, and still with Tellin some 40 years laterrecounts. "And when I ran out of those and was nearing time to come home, I started ripping up everything I didn't like and making collages." The pictures that O'Reilly had been drawing were, as he puts it, "abstractions of me" that he threaded with references to gay poets like Federico García Lorca and Constantine Cavafy, and his early '60s collages were equally abstract. But when he returned to the States, the work gradually became more graphic and less painterly, juxtaposing photos from gay porn magazines, reproductions from art books, and a wide variety of commercial illustration with almost fetishistic finesse.
O'Reilly and Tellin taught briefly upon their return but ended up sharing a job as art therapist at a mental hospital in Worcester, Massachusetts, for 27 years; after retiring together in 1991, they've remained in the town. Encouraging mental patients to be artistically "free and open" gave a similarly liberating boost to O'Reilly's work: "Taking off my clothes and running around the room nakedI doubt that I would have done that otherwise." He'd already been making identity-melting images in which he merged physically with artists he admiredChardin, Degas, Genetand his work with schizophrenic patients sparked even more flamboyant fusions. But until he bought a Polaroid camera in 1984, the naked bodies in his work always belonged to other men. "Because I'm so thin," he says. "I always felt out of it, even as a kid." So while it took some nerve to pose nude, even if only Tellin and a few close friends were likely to see the results, O'Reilly soon found himself "going wild with it." In a picture from this period, Preparing a Pose, the pale, spindly artist flings himself into a comically awkward stance atop a fruit crate in what appears to be Picasso's studio as the master waits nearby. In another, he sits nude, rumpled, and enormous behind a canvas in the Velázquez atelier, evesdropping on the creation of Las Meninas.
"I feel like I'm Everyman in those pictures," O'Reilly says. "Since most of us aren't Adonises, it leaves room for a lot of people to identify." The Polaroid gave him more freedom to "create a little world for myself," allowing him to rephotograph source material, insert himself as an antic, pivotal presence in the work, and adjust everything to the same seductively intimate scale. But taking photos was only a means to an end. "I have no film background, no photographic background," he says, and, as much as he admires the medium, he doesn't call himself a photographer; he's "a montagist, using photography."