By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
Tiravanija has insinuated his installation pieces into museums and galleries for nearly a decade now. These strangely delicate organisms, at once sculptural, architectural, and ephemeral, form intricate, reciprocal relationships with their hosts. You could even call them art-as-infection. His latest piece, now on view at Gavin Brown, is an intruder that first displaces the life of the gallery, gradually appropriates its functions, then forms an exquisite symbiosis with it.
Basically, Tiravanija has built a life-size model, mostly in plywood, of his East Village apartment-studio, in Brown's big front gallery. It's open 24 hours a day. You can go there now, if you want. It's got a working kitchen with a gas stove, a full bath, a bedroom, a VCR, a bunch of tapes, a boom box, and some books. You can sleep there, eat there, shower, or whatever. I met someone who claimed to have had sex there, and another person who said he had group sex there. I have only had lunch there.
Tiravanija, who was born in Buenos Aires in 1961, the son of a diplomat, has lived in Thailand, Ethiopia, and Canada. He is often perceived as the happy Thai guy the generous guy who gives his art away and turns galleries into clublike places where people get together. In the beginning, his work consisted of cooking up big batches of vegetable curry and serving it to whoever came along; these pieces were like communions. He did this twice at the old 303 Gallery on Spring Street, once at the Carnegie International in a structure that replicated the 303 back room, and numerous times at institutions around the world. (Tiravanija is one of the more ubiquitous artists on the world exhibition circuit; there are nearly 100 group or solo shows listed on his résumé.) He considered the detritus of these events the empty cans, dirty paper plates, and glasses as sculpture. It was bad sculpture, and this selling of garbage as art was not particularly original, but it was also the first hint of something less than pleasant in the Tiravanija stew.
Because the "happy Thai guy" is the easy way out. In fact, Tiravanija's work is more than a little aggressive. His acts of displacement, annexation, or invasion are hardly passive. I'm fascinated by Tiravanija's quietly hostile takeovers, by his usurpation of meaning and function, his insistence that life proceed on his terms.
Tiravanija's art is almost entirely displaced as life takes over. Yet unlike most done-to-death deconstructive art, Tiravanija's doesn't debunk or destroy. He's not in a predatory relationship with his host. He's saying, "We really need each other." More than any artist I can think of, Tiravanija closes the gap between artist and dealer (or curator). His symbiosis is nearly total.
I like the installation at Gavin Brown in concept, but being there can be difficult. I experienced unwanted waves of shyness, affection, and irritation there. Untitled, 1999 (tomorrow can shut up and Go away), as it is called, is like a laboratory for human contact. The situation is unstable, permeable, and open: thrilling and seedy. The piece occupies the gallery like a swollen, pulsating pupa: there's always something going on in it planned, or unplanned.
Untitled is like Warhol's Factory as sweatshop or cottage industry, and shares some of the Factory's strengths and weaknesses. It can feel clubby and exclusive, but also brings out the best, or at least the unexpected, in people; it sanctions everything. Also, with Untitled, Tiravanija merely amplifies the tendency of the Gavin Brown gallery to mutate into a hangout or a headquarters. First this gallery had its back room; next it added a bar. Tiravanija has simply provided more space for people to be together.
Tiravanija sets two principles into motion at the same time: life and death. He activates a situation and he lets entropy run it down. That's why, even with all the activity, you can feel the place falling apart: it's like a refugee camp, a squat, or a hideout. In the end, all he's doing is presenting an intensified, encapsulated version of everyday life.
About a week after Untitled opened, Tiravanija left for Europe. For a while, a couple of art students lived there. They sat around, looked at TV, ate their meals. I loved watching and talking to them flashing back to student crash pads, the mess, the time, the life. It was weird: I wanted to protect their privacy and move in with them at the same time. Then they were gone, and I missed them.
Next a poli-sci major from Stanford moved in. One night, he and I watched part of the Knicks' valiant fourth-game loss to San Antonio. Two nights later, there was a foosball championship on a rented table, which I passed on. I have gone to a postopening party, a lunch, a dinner, and for drinks there. Right now, there's an exhibition of Peter Doig's drawings, and some snazzy-looking wallpaper by the '70s German Pop-Op artist Thomas Bayrle. Ashley Bickerton has been spending time there as well, drawing a couple of wicked caricatures on the walls.