By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
What freed Porter's creativity, to make him a player in the new game the musical theater had become after Oklahoma!, was, most importantly, Shakespeare. The Spewacks' notion of ham actors getting their onstage roles mixed up with their offstage lives was hardly newa would-be tragic version of it, Cukor's A Double Life, had been Hollywood's arty prizewinner the year beforebut it made Porter stretch his tunesmithing habits into a musical idiom that could travel all the way from blank verse into hipster jive and back. Other Cole Porter scores have as many bright melodies and saucy lyrics; none has Kiss Me, Kate's extraordinary range, from the bop syncopations of "Another Openin', Another Show" to the mock-Renaissance galliard that rounds off "I Am Ashamed That Women Are So Simple" (words wholly by W.S.). Porter shows his poetic acumen not only in the way he merges his varied dictions, sneaking the colloquial into the Shakespearean and vice versa, but in his aptitude for pulling out the themes that link them, making the misogyny, greed, and class snobbery in The Taming of the Shrew spill over to find their parallels in the shenanigans backstage as Fred Graham's pre-Broadway tour of it, reuniting him with his spiky ex-wife Lilli Vanessi, opens on a hot night in Baltimore.
The Spewacks, with something like Shakespearean ingenuity, gave the setup symmetry by hooking the couple's spats onto the analogous bickering of the younger dance duo: Fred-Petruchio covets Lois-Bianca, whose gambling hoofer boyfriend, Bill-Lucentio, gets revenge by signing Fred's name to a hefty IOU held by a local mobster. When Lilli-Kate tries to walk out on the show, summoning her wealthy lobbyist husband-to-be from Washington, Fred uses the mobster's emissaries to keep her in the theater. Everyone is adult enough for the right couples to get recoupled just in time for the Shrew to reach its happy ending without Lilli's understudy going on.
Putting It Together
Music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim
Broadway and 47th Street, 239-6200
That's what the story of Kiss Me, Kate used to be, anyway. One's first argument with the new show is over the number of fiddled lines stuck into the script, by an uncredited writer who was no Guare to be seen at the press opening. Unlike other tamperers with the scripts of old musicals, this writer is subtle and inventively funny; while he confines himself to single lines, his interference is more diverting than painful. Only in Act Two does he get carried away: Lilli's Washington lover is now a military man, a proto-MacArthur and something of a crypto-fascist, who's been given an extra song. That's a bad fit for the character, the actor, the situation, and even the dressing-room set. It's one of the show's few outright mistakes.
These fancies combine oddly with the production's other pesky habit, a weird insistence on literalism, as if the audience couldn't get the point of this old, beloved show unless it were spelled out very slowly. Amy Spanger's Lois can't just be sweet and manipulative; to please men, she has to pose as ultra-dumb. Since that's not how the role's songs and non-Guare speeches are written, she's forced to switch characters every five minutes. And is there any lyric in the repertoire that needs an explanatory gesture less than "Kick her right in the Coriolanus"?
Then there's amplification. One day, the theater will unplug again, and we can hear this score in Robert Russell Bennett's great orchestration, with unmiked voices. Given present conditions, matters are handled decently enough under Paul Gemignani's baton. Too much foolery mucks up the musical shape of the first act finale, and someone should find Brian Stokes Mitchell an alternative to the painful high notes at the end of "Were Thine That Special Face." But then, someone should find Marin Mazzie something to do during "I Hate Men." Mitchell and Mazzie embody the leads graciously enough, though they come off as very nice people, which isn't precisely the idea. Similarly, Michael Berresse's Bill Calhoun seems altogether too gentle a guy to go crap shooting when he's called for rehearsal. But Berresse has the agility to shinny up a three-story set and look cheerful while hanging by his feet; to ask for acting would be greedy.
As Berresse's gymnastic feat points up, in a show this rich with possibilities, the small mishandlings can be offset by the sublime added surprises. I haven't mentioned many of these, while dwelling on the quibbles and objections. But it's better to put the complaints first: This way, you can go to KMK knowing that some things will be wrong, and have the pleasure of discovering for yourself how incredibly many, 50 years later, are still right. Now if we can just get everyone involved to take out the improvements. . . .