By Alex Distefano
By Scott Snowden
By Anna Merlan
By Steve Almond
By Jena Ardell
By Jon Campbell
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Tessa Stuart
They manned the phones. They fired off scores of e-mail messages. They laidout tactical plans prepared for just this moment. When their contacts in Albany sent down the wordacquittalthey sprang into action. The next day, they converged on midtown Manhattan with thousandsorganizers say over 10,000, officials say more than 2000of other angry New Yorkers to protest the scot-free release of four officers in the killing of African immigrant Amadou Diallo. They are Asian.
When Jane Bai says, "It's not about how many we are or how much we do," she's not being stereotypically demure. The executive director of CAAAV Organizing Asian Communities deflects credit for staging the February 26 march partly because of her political convictions, but also out of a concern for accuracy. Indeed, while Asian activists worked around the clock to mobilize in response to the February 25 verdict, so did other members of the multiracial, multiethnic coalition called People's Justice 2000 (PJ2000). The group has promised to carry out at least 41 days of actionwhich started the day after the controversial verdict came downagainst police brutality.
"Any hope of ending police violence depends on the united efforts of black and Latino communities, queer people of color, and Asiansall of us," Bai says. "While the prevailing black-white model of police brutality reflects, in part, the particular history of repression of blacks in the U.S., it is incomplete. By ignoring so many of us, officials and the media underestimate the scope of the problem."
In fact, Peter Kwong, director of Asian American Studies at Hunter College, points to a significant trend in anti-Asian police violence in New York City that is grounded in a particular perception of Asian communities. "There is this racial attitude, 'These people are immigrants, most of them illegals, so we don't have to give a damn; they don't complain about it anyway.' Asians, in terms of political power, particularly as a voting bloc, are considered weak. So police, like many other government institutions, feel they do not really need to respond. For the same reason, they are very brutal, throwing street vendors around, cussing Asians, insulting them," he says.
Hyun Lee, a colleague of Bai who organizes vendors and young people in Chinatown, says another misleading perception obscures the plight of Asian victims of police brutality: "The model-minority mythwe work hard, we succeedis very dominant, so people ask stupid questions like, 'Oh, does anti-Asian violence exist?' "
A look at news coverage and official numbers would suggest that it barely does. Richie Perez, an organizer with the National Congress for Puerto Rican Rights and a member of PJ2000, complains that, to the mainstream press, "There's a hierarchy of who gets noticedit's black and white, on some occasions it's Latino, in almost no circumstances are Asians included, or Native Americans or Arabs or all the others." Indeed, in the city's three major dailies, only a few articles out of dozenssince the trial began in Januaryhave included Asians when reporting on the Diallo trial and its implications.
The Civilian Complaint Review Board reports 1710 incidents of police misconduct or abuse involving blacks in 1999, 746 involving Latinos, 741 involving whites, but lumps together the remainder of the city's racial and ethnic communities in the "other" category. An extensive study of police brutality released by the state attorney general's office in December 1999 similarly fails to identify Asians as a distinct, targeted group. Public opinion polls about police brutality also ignore Asians' opinions, citing numerical insignificance.
But testimony by residents of the city's Asian communities tells a different story. The nature of police brutality in areas like the Fordham section of the Bronx, Jackson Heights and Flushing in Queens, Chinatown, and Sunset Park in Brooklyn may not always make for sensational copy; there are no recent reports of cases as extreme as that of 16-year-old Yong Xin Huang, who on March 24, 1995, was shot in the back of the head and killed by a police officer. The officer was never indicted; the city eventually settled in a civil suit.
But to people like former cabbie Abid Baig, police abuse and harassment are a part of the daily routine. Immigrant taxi drivers, he says, are subject to a common rule when it comes to police intervention: "Whenever there are two people [in a dispute], one Asian and one white, the cops always favor the white person. They give you a hard time." And Steve Yip, a longtime anti-police brutality activist and Chinatown resident, says cops routinely hassle Asian street vendors with the excuse of checking on permits or other minor compliance issues.
Young Asian males in low-income communities complain of frequent stop-and-searches and wrongful arrests. Chinatown resident Steve Wu, a senior at Seward Park High School, recalls being ticketed along with six friends on November 10 while standing outside a local Pathmark waiting for other friends to emerge from the store. "The cops are real concerned you're about to do a bad thing. They look at you like maybe you're a criminal," he says. The group was ordered to appear in court on the morning of December 15, a Wednesday, but the tickets were promptly dismissed. Wu remembers with a quiet laugh, "On the way back to school that day, I was afraid that if we met up with cops, they might ticket us again. We're not supposed to be out on the street during a school day."