By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
"The play is memory." Tennessee Williams said it, but Rinde Eckert's music-theater piece, And God Created Great Whales, lives by the same dangerously slippery parameter. Memory is its lifenot lingered over lovingly and regretfully, in the Williams style, but clutched, urgently, in a desperate race against the tricks time plays on our minds. Memory dies, or fades, or subtly rewrites itself; all that's left when it goes is the part you managed to record. Which takes art: the art of writing it down, putting it in sounds or images, getting it right on paper or on tape. Those who equate the human record with history should remember that to the Greeks, Clio was merely one of nine muses.
Nathan, Eckert's hero (played by the author-composer), has an urgent need to record. Suffering from accelerated memory loss, he must complete the opera he's working on before he forgets everythingnot only his plan for the opera but who he is and how he lives. "Eventually," we hear his doctor tell him in a taped prologue, "you will forget how to breathe. One might say you will drown in your own ignorance." By no coincidence, Nathan's opera is an adaptation of Moby Dick, also the story of a man who might be said to drown in his own ignorance. Nathan's art, like Melville's narrator Ishmael, is to be the sole survivor of this mental shipwreck.
"All things pass. Art, robust, survives eternally." Théophile Gautier's famous lines, summing up the Romantics' vision of artistic immortality, ring a jarring note these days. We've seen too much garbage archived and too much greatness lost; we've gotten used to questioning whether art's preservation of memory is worth something after all. But maybe the two views are the thesis and antithesis of a dialectic: The practical worldthe one where the Turks' need for electricity is currently drowning the mosaics of Zeugmamust always be against preserving and remembering; the world of art, addressing the spirit, has no choice but to compel remembrance, without which the spirit dies.
Nathan, at any rate, has no choice: His recovery from each memory lapse, like his composing, is guided by the ability to record. An audio cassette player, always hanging around his neck, provides the explanations that get him on track after each blackout. All he has to remember to do is push "play." The device is fraught with danger, of course: By hitting the wrong button, Nathan could erase the instructions. He could take the tape out of the player. He could remove it from his neck and put on, by mistake, one of the innumerable other cassette recorders scattered around the roomone for the final draft, one for work tapes, one for personal thoughts, one for incidental data. The machines are color-coded, but Eckert, under David Schweizer's direction, seems to take a fiendish delight in switching from one to the otheractions as suspenseful as Ahab's hunt for the great white whale.
But how does Nathan remember to push "play"? A woman in the room (glamorously pixieish Nora Cole), facing him as the lights come up, tells him to. The tape around his neck tells him that she's imaginary, but also infalliblewhere art, music, and the dark night of the soul are concerned. Clearly, the muses are still being heard. Nathan's muse is the African American superdiva Olivia Walsh, who has given up the opera stage at the height of her career; her waning faith in opera's grand gestures parallels Nathan's waning memory. Not that Olivia herself is present; what we see Cole play, except at the very last moment, might be described as Nathan's perception of the diva's gestalt, his consciousness of her musical gifts always reawakening his own creative powers.
Eckert unwisely gets us too interested in this figure, causing a bad structural lapse, as the piece hurtles toward its climax, in the form of a big solo number for Cole, in which the muse declares her independence and almost quits. The song's a good one, and Cole sings it with fierce elegance, but our emotions aren't invested in her; we're waiting to watch his struggle for survival, and the shift of focus is as if someone photographing a prizefight tilted the camera away from the ring just before the knockout punch. It softens the work just at the point where it might have carried us to tragic heights. This, too, may be part of Eckert's point: The gradual ebb of memory always makes us miss a few essentials.
Eckert himself misses scarcely any others. Despite its seemingly disjunctive nature, the piece overall has the smooth solidity and assurance of a gorgeous marble sculpture, plus an emotional febrility that keeps it from lapsing into sculptural impassiveness. There's no pretense of actually attempting to dramatize Moby Dick: What Eckert does, cannily, is create the novel's atmospherewith particular reference to the musical world on which Melville drewwhile letting its drama seep from our memories into the analogous story of Nathan's mad quest. Melville's characters, seen only in brief blips, are largely embodied by Eckert himself, as Nathan, while Cole plays narration, description, and a multiracial variety of outsiders; she has a real flair for playing roistering seamen.