By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
The Museum of Modern Art has finally reached the present. "Open Ends," the third installment of MOMA's three-part, 18-month examination of its collectionand the last 120 years of European and American art and designcovers 1960 to 2000. It's the segment we've all been waiting for. The one we lived through. And guess what? It's a perfect messemphasis on perfect.
Everything makes sense. No end is left open. Art is ordered and sorted, paired and packaged, aestheticized and anesthetized. All match and no mix, uncertainty is out, expedience is in. Overall, "Open Ends" is less like an art show than a TV show: Lessons are dispensed, chuckles come on cue, ideas are simplistic, and everything is resolved in 30 minutes. Of the 11 segments that make up this final chapter of MOMA's retelling of the story of modern art, six are tedious, formally obvious, and didactic to the core. Here, the extraordinary is rendered ordinary, the resistant made palatable; the discordant passes unnoticed. Little vision for the future is evident; next to nothing is said about contemporary art; positions aren't taken; outlooks are narrow; risk is nonexistent.
Curators seem bent on negating art's advantages: its inherent bad taste, surliness, mystery, poetry, and complexity. Disinfecting everything in their path, salaried professionals pare work down to single essences. They eliminate the intuitive and shun multiplicity, ruthlessly reducing art to the lowest common denominators of theme, subject matter, and material. In the segment titled "White Spectrum," some of the most vexing paintings made in this centurynear-monochromes by Kasimir Malevich, Robert Ryman, Agnes Martin, and Barnett Newmanare sequestered in a ghetto. Susan Rothenberg's desperado late- '70s attempt at subject matter is here because the horse and the ground in her painting are white. Even sadder is "Matter." Here, art is arranged according to materials like twigs, wax, poop, or plastic. See Felix Gonzalez-Torres's elegiac work made of 42 lightbulbs reduced to lightbulb art, alongside a sculpture and a chandelier made from the same materials. Or witness Joseph Beuys's felt suit transformed into department-store display next to Robert Morris's felt wall work.
Over and over, like is mercilessly paired with like. In "Pop and After"one of five exhibitions organized by Kirk Varnedoe, MOMA's chief curator of paintings and drawingsJasper Johns's unfathomable encaustic Flagis equated with David Hammons's caustic African-American Flag. Nearby, we get targets by the same two artists. Warhol's hammer-and-sickle painting faces Polke's portrait of Mao; images of women by Lichtenstein, Koons, Sherman, and Wesselmann hang side by side. Thus is the air let out of art.
Continuing the simplemindedness, in "Innocence and Experience," Robert Gober's peculiar three-sided playpen is short-circuited and rendered one-dimensional next to Mona Hatoum's glass crib. Gone are insinuations of suppression, metaphysics, process, or escape. Nearby, Brancusi's The Newborn is turned into a one-liner next to photographs of babies. A few works away, Joseph Cornell's doll in a box just dies. If we don't stop doing this to art, art may stop doing what it does to us.
Five shows look good: "Sets and Situations," "Actual Size"which makes some nice points about scale, materialism, and illusion"The Path of Resistance," and especially "Counter Monuments and Memory," in which Marcel Odenbach's videotape, Annette Messager's assemblage, and Anselm Kiefer's The Red Sea combine to create a specter of history and a shadow of doubt. "Architecture Hot and Cold," organized by Terence Riley, chief curator of architecture and design, is corny, but its obsessive overcrowding of images of buildings by everyone from R. Buckminster Fuller and Andreas Gursky to Rem Koolhaas and Toba Khedoori is hysterical and invigoratingeven if you can't look at any one thing. It's a 50-yard dash through the history of postwar architecture, but the minute you leave this breathless sprint, you return to the forced march. Through one of the doors leading from the architecture show, you enter a printmaking exhibition titled "One Thing After Another." Here, instead of a shot of how radical, risky, and revolutionary seriality is, the curator lulls you into a stupor with just grids. Watch as Gerhard Richter, Ellsworth Kelly, Brice Marden, and others are turned into wallpaper.
Still, there are thrilling moments. Individual rooms fair well. Pipilotti Rist's lethal video, Ever Is Over All, is alive and dangerous. The gallery of Richter's Baader-Meinhof paintings, collectively titled October 18, 1977, is stunning, and nearby, Sue Coe's rendition of a woman being raped on a pool table holds its own. Vito Acconci's Adjustable Wall Bra is truly aberrant, Charles Ray's Family Romance stops people in their tracks and makes them turn away at the same time, Rachel Whitread's library is haunting, and James Turrell's A Frontal Passage is trance-inducing.
Curiously, the landings are memorable. Barnett Newman's towering Broken Obelisk, squeezed in just off the second-floor escalator, turns this stately monument of minimalism wildly charismatic and scary. Cai Guo-Qiang's hanging sculpture of a boat pierced by thousands of arrows and Chris Burden's five-ton, scorched-earth hanging planetoid, Medusa's Head, both look compelling. Nearby, the ever insidious Mel Bochner diagrams the museum's deadest end, the fourth-floor freight elevator. Isn't this what the show's supposed to be about: vertigo, reverie, looking for openings, old objects made new, daringall that?