By Jared Chausow
By Katie Toth
By Elizabeth Flock
By Albert Samaha
By Anna Merlan
By Jon Campbell
By Jon Campbell
By Albert Samaha
Every year, an estimated 600,000 American workers suffer some form of serious ailment as a result of performing the same workplace tasks over and over again. Painful, possibly disabling injuries strike nurses, hospital orderlies, typists, assembly line workers, and couriers.
Winning some federal job safety protection for these workers was one of organized labor's most hard-fought battles during the Clinton years. Last month, moments before the final whistle blew, unions succeeded in putting the ball across the line when new ergonomics rules were put into effect on January 16.
Most labor organizations hailed the new rules as a landmark achievement (some didn't; in a compromise, Clinton agreed not to extend the new rules to cover construction workers). Moreover, just one day after the rules took effect, the largest scientific study to date of musculoskeletal injuries confirmed the significance of the problem and the need to address it.
"Scientific evidence and industry data strongly indicate that properly implemented strategies to reduce the incidence, severity, and consequences of work-related musculoskeletal disorders can be effective," stated the neutral National Academy of Sciences.
Despite this finding, the rules were still vigorously denounced by pro-employer groups as costly and unnecessary. Many employer organizations labeled scrapping the ergonomics rules their number-one priority and have asked the Bush administration to dump the rules or push Congress to overturn them.
That's not quite so easy, however. Because they were already in effect when the Bush administration took office, the ergonomics regulations appear to have been unaffected by President Bush's 60-day freeze on regulations. In the meantime, the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration can continue to provide employers with information and ready itself for enforcement, which begins this fall. The rules are expected to be the subject of a bitter congressional battle.
"There's nothing that prevents Republicans from amending the budget right now and passing a rider that blocks [the rules]," said Jonathan Bennett of the New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health. "But I would imagine they will wait until this summer when Congress will be working on the fiscal budget beginning October 1."
That timetable would correspond to the point when OSHA can begin citing employers who fail to correct or note workplace hazards.
Lefty Teamsters Battle
The left wing of the Teamsters union in New York City is small enough to meet in a corner booth at a Queens diner; the number of leftists supporting national union president James P. Hoffa is smaller yet. But true to the tradition of left factionalism, the union is currently witness to a bitter dispute between two of its most liberal local officials.
On January 9, national Teamsters representative Dan Kane Sr.Hoffa's key local appointeewalked into a small Teamsters local on West 44th Street that represents some 1150 mostly white-collar members and placed it under trusteeship.
The move came after the union's court-appointed outside monitors, the Independent Review Board, cited the local for poor accounting practices and insufficient membership meetings.
On one level, these are serious problems. But they fell far short of the corruption, embezzlement, and mob fraternization that led to some two dozen past trusteeships in the city. Locals with problems such as 840's are usually allowed to recuperate with aid from the parent union. Members of the local, including those at one of its largest units, the New School, have written Hoffa denouncing the takeover.
The move was even more puzzling because Kane is one of the most liberal local Teamsters. The head of another small local, he was an early and ardent Hoffa supporter. So was Joel LeFevre, chief officer of Local 840. LeFevre was the handpicked successor to the late William Nuchow, Local 840's progressive former leader. (How progressive? At Nuchow's memorial service, speakers addressed the audience as "comrades.") LeFevre undertook several organizing campaigns, including an (unsuccessful) effort to sign up the city's bicycle messengers.
But despite ideological similarities between LeFevre and Kane, they have been at odds since Hoffa took office. Much of the fighting has taken place at Joint Council 16, the deeply divided ruling body for 25,000 Teamsters in the metropolitan area.
New elections for officers of the Joint Council will be held this month, and Kane and LeFevre are supporting opposing slates. Before the trusteeship, which rendered him ineligible, LeFevre was a candidate on a slate with the council's incumbent president, Anthony Rumore. Kane is backing a rival slate, on which his son, Dan Kane Jr., is a candidate. The council's 34 locals get seven votes apiece (regardless of size), but Local 840's delegates won't be allowed to vote because of the trusteeship.
LeFevre acknowledged internal management problems at the local, but insisted that the bottom line is politics. "It is apparent that the absence of 840's seven votes gives a significant help to Mr. Kane's slate in a close election," said LeFevre.
Kane Sr. did not return calls, but allies scoffed at the notion. "Right, we timed the whole thing with the Independent Review Board," said one Kane supporter sarcastically.
Team Rudy's Decrees
Former deputy mayor Randy Mastro headed Mayor Giuliani's task force on bilingual education last year, but when the panel announced in December that it didn't want to completely dismantle the bilingual system, Mastro voiced vigorous disagreement.