By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
If you leave aside the brutality, horror, devastation, and mass slaughter that it caused, Nazism was nothing but showbiz. Legions of commentators and comedians have pointed out the painstakingly manufactured illusion of everything from the Nuremberg rallies staged for the cameras of Leni Riefenstahl, the Nazi Busby Berkeleyto the diction of Nazi ordinances. Lubitsch and Chaplin kidded the ritualistic posturing of the Third Reich while it was going on; Syberberg displayed its roots in Wagner, Karl May, and other forms of German sentimental kitsch; Victor Klemperer sardonically noted down the "pure Aryan" propaganda machine's every debt to American advertising; and Lenny Bruce imagined Hitler himself as a marketable object invented by MCA.
The tropes and images of the American musical theater, like those of Nazism, were invented as crowd-pleasing illusions; only the nature of the transaction involved made them different. The Nazis posed as a legitimate government, making preposterous claims of ethnic purity, historical inevitability, cultural preservation, and unanimous popular support. Showbiz, in contrast, has never asked to be believed for longer than it takes to get from your seat to the exit: One reason that puritans, and earnest types generally, have had trouble with musical theater and vaudeville over the decades is that they can't help suspecting a form in which illusion is so often built up just to be punctured or burlesqued.
After decades of musical-theater pundits declaring that musicals have to be solemn, unpleasant, and good for you, The Producers, Mel Brooks's new stage version of his 1968 movie, represents the inevitable recoila recoil so extreme that the aesthetic pendulum seems to have jammed at the other end. The ecstasy over The Producers almost outdoes in frenzy the gloating over the 20 years of humorless Brit-hits that preceded it, and will in due course produce its own negative reaction. Meantime the show is coining money and gorging on publicity, temporarily immune to anything you want to say about it, good or bad.
Troilus and Cressida
By William Shakespeare
American Place Theatre
111 West 46th Street
By Arje Shaw
Broadway and 48th Street
The stroke of marketing genius behind Brooks's amiable joke is simply that it extends showbiz's normal activity of laughing at itself to the big, lethal showbiz institution that nobody dared laugh at. The relief of being able to have fun at a silly musical again is doubled by its dealing with a topic on which laughter was formerly impermissible. And the show's premisetwo shyster producers scheme to make millions by wildly overcapitalizing a surefire flopredoubles the laughter by relocating the comic Nazis inside a scam perpetrated by comic but lovable Jews: After all of Hitler's rantings against the "international Jewish conspiracy," guess who won?
Brooks and his colleagues are careful, of course, to keep their outrageousness within bounds. Lubitsch, in To Be or Not To Be (remade by Brooks in 1983), raised audience hackles by putting death at the center of his jokes. Brooks and director Susan Stroman don't edge any closer than vague lines like "Winter for Poland and France." Their Nazis are indeed just silly showbiz Nazis; it's always been one of the work's less rational jokes that Franz Liebkind, the pigeon-raising author of "Springtime for Hitler," doesn't notice the overt Jewishness either of producers Bialystock and Bloom or, where musicals are concerned, of Broadway itself. The Broadway version's Liebkind, played with cabaret knowingness by Brad Oscar, is himself a total song-and-dance man in purest Jolson style.
Like most of the show's Germanisms, the number has more to do with vaudeville "Dutch" comedy than with anything actually German. But then, everything in The Producers is effectively sealed off from reality. Its charm, which is real and substantial, comes from its ability to keep its feet firmly on the ground while its mind is wholly lost in a world of old jokes, old tunes, and old routinesall of which it exploits with the loving, sheepish smile of a daydreamer who knows he should be facing the unpleasant reality around the corner but has no intention of walking that way until he has to. True, Brooks makes mock of all his diversionsthe numbers are a parade of spoof tributes to great musicals of the past, from the opening of Fiddler to Hello, Dolly!'s courtroom climaxbut the spoof is the most loving gesture Brooks commands.
Spoofing may not be the optimal way to create musical-theater masterworks, and The Producers isn't one: It's an assemblage of comic/tuneful shtick that works because Brooks, Stroman, and co-librettist Thomas Meehan know how to put them together. The effect is that of a big college varsity show, on a vastly enhanced and adult professional level. When fed the sounds and postures that everyone working in the theater grew up on, the cast seizes them instinctively, like cats that know just when to pounce. To watch Gary Beach, as the flossy director Roger De Bris, seizing a spotlit Judy Garland moment is to see the two halves of Brooks's method merging: The trope itself produces the laugh, while the intense joy in Beach's contortions produces a glow that defuses the laugh's cruelty. It says, in effect, that we were right to cherish that moment, and to love the kind of musical theater that made it possible. In this regard, one of the show's best jokes is Ulla, the Swedish bombshell who enraptures both producersa rather cheap sight gag in the film, turned by Cady Huffman's performance, without forgoing the joke, into a touching and even dignified three-dimensional person.