By Zachary D. Roberts
By Anna Merlan
By Jon Campbell and Laura Shunk
By Albert Samaha
By Amanda Dingyuan
By Anna Merlan
By Anna Merlan
By Albert Samaha
I call it the Fannie lou Hamer reflexnamed for the Mississippi activist who famously said, "I'm sick and tired of being sick and tired." Say no, and damn the consequences. People in the street last week were telling me that after eight years of Giuliani, they were not afraid of Bloomberg. Rage sometimes wins out over fear. This reflex is such a famous black cultural signifier, originally associated with belligerent slaves and still so visible today, that it shouldn't need explaining. Think of Denzel Washington in Glorydefiantly taking that whipping rather than begging for shoes.
My favorite Hamer moment is the one that made her name, and which may shed some light on the defection from Mark Green. In 1964, at the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, there was an all-star cast asking the mostly black Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party to give up its attempt to replace the state's segregationist delegation. Party unity, they said. The MFDP phones were bugged, as well as the rooms of Martin Luther King Jr. and Bayard Rustin, and every word was reported to President Lyndon Johnson on an hourly basis. Hamer spoke and was so riveting that LBJ called an impromptu press conference to get her off the TV. He offered them a now infamous bad deal.
When the group asked King for advice, he said frankly that LBJ might help him and the movement if they gave in. "So, being a Negro leader," he said, "I want you to take this, but if I were a Mississippi Negro, I would vote against it."
King came clean on the fact that leaders have to advise staying with the party. We saw plenty of them chafing and waffling under this burden after the mayoral runoff. Clearly Freddy Ferrer and Al Sharpton couldn't really call a boycott, and voters didn't need to be told what to do anyway. The Democratic defectors, especially the 41 percent of Ferrer supporters who went for Bloomberg, thought it out like Mississippi Negroes.
The premise of Hamer-think is that you've already been kicked around. Saying no to Lyndon was, she said, not that big a deal when compared to what her people had been through just to register to vote: beatings, lost jobs, lost homes. Hamer personally suffered all of those and died young from Mississippi hardship. Black and Latino voters today could name a dozen races in which we've been asked to take little or nothing in party-unity scenarios, and we have usually been generous with our votes.
But this election was different from any I recall because the black and Latino votes split as some voters opted to punish Green. Dems usually expect to get 85 percent of the black votes. Likewise, expectation was that Hispanics in general and in the Bronx in particular would be delivered for Green. His appalling campaign, assuming it had our votes, pushed indifference until the Hamer reflex kicked in.
It wasn't just that Green was aloof, arrogant, and unlikable, which he was. We sucked it up for the grim Mike Dukakis, who bombed against Bush. It wasn't Bloomberg's money and adsalthough the promo repeating Green's post-WTC claim,"I would have done better than Rudy," was withering. Money didn't make it happen for the likes of Ronald Lauder, Michael Huffington, Pete DuPont, or even Ross Perot. Lord knows the Rudy ads didn't bring over black folks. And yet it was shocking nonetheless when people I knowmostly black and one or two whitesbegan saying they and everyone they knew would switch to Bloomberg. After all, Mark Green started out with the ultimate progressive résumé.
Before September 11, Green's biggest problem with progressive blacks I hear from was that he didn't seem to have any history of working with people of color in decision-making positions. But what's new? How many of the white Democratic candidates out there in July had any high-level people of color working with them? Then while Green said repeatedly he had "been to every community" in the city, it became obvious that Ferrer knew something about living in them. Ferrer gained strength by saying that those who'd been ignored and who'd suffered during Giuliani should be part of the next government. Right away the papers started telling us that he was not reaching out to whitesborderline racist maybe?
I am told that Ferrer played the race card by embracing his obvious base. The New York Times and others said whites weren't hearing anything from Ferrer, and blacks and Latinos said they weren't hearing anything from Green. But the situations seem very different. Ferrer should have pitched more to white voters' economic jitters for starters, but he certainly didn't benefit from a press indulging in white stereotyping or from dubiously coded ads. And he never looked desperate.
Green not only failed to address our communities, he made specific mistakes:
Green had to have known that blacks and Latinos would back off when he started parading former police commissioner William Bratton around to show toughness on crime after his years being tough on police brutality. And he was intransigent, saying Bratton was "widely respected across the city."