By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
Bea, Barbara, Elaine: All in their seventies now, they all began their careers in the same late-'40s, early-'50s time span. The microphone hadn't yet poisoned theater singing habits; other forms of electronic wizardry hadn't yet taught the scenery to move faster than a show's maturer cast members. The Rodgers & Hammerstein collaborations had, since 1943, thickened Broadway's gravy with a renewed move toward "serious" musical drama, but they hadn't pushed it into its later lumpiness. Their work was flanked, too, by numerous counterexamples as well as predecessors: The 1940s shows that weren't R&H dramas, or their spiritual cousins, "Broadway operas" (Blitzstein, Weill, Menotti), were often Mike Todd's girlie revuesburlesque shows in higher-priced fancy dressor revivals of the classic operettas that had been Rodgers & Hammerstein's unmentioned guides. (The '40s boasted a new operetta genre, too, carved by Wright and Forrest or their ilk from the oeuvres of "light" classical composers like Grieg, Villa-Lobos, and that Tony Award winner, Borodin.)
In that variegated, fluid-yet-rigid world, women onstage tended to overspill categories rather than resist them. Elaine Stritch, in particular, was never exactly typed because she was able to do so many different things. (Ironically, having so many strings to her bow may have been one reason she never quite became a nationwide star. A mass public needs its concepts simple and reiterated.) She was, mostly, a gravel-throated broad who could throw a wisecrack or a torch song in your face with equal aplomb. But while you weren't looking, she might transform as easily into an ordinary, decent-hearted working woman, a society dame who looked down her nose at torch-singing broads, a slightly goofball comedienne, or the romantic leading lady. Her two above-the-title Broadway ventures, Goldilocks and Sail Away, were both commercial flops in part because they tried to weld Stritch's protean selves into just such a lead rolea sort of gravel-throated Celia Johnson with a tough girl's snide wit, a marshmallow heart, and a goofball slapstick streak.
Elaine Stritch: At Liberty
Neil Simon Theatre
Broadway and 52nd Street 212-398-8383
Barbara Cook: Mostly Sondheim
Vivian Beaumont Theatre, Lincoln Center (closed; will return in June)
Bea Arthur, in contrast to Stritch, was not so much multicategory as unclassifiable. Where Stritch could become any number of different people, Arthur in any role would remain ineffably, unflappably, adorably Bea. Her big presence and big, lower-range voice have given all her stage work a slight touch of incongruity. (Another female elder of the musical theater, Jo Sullivan Loesser, used to recount in her nightclub act how the producers of the 1954 Threepenny Opera, transferring a number from her Polly to Arthur's Lucy, told her, "We're giving one of your songs to the baritone.") The hint of detachment always present in her tone, which can range from wryly amused bystandership to a coolly Brechtian alienation, undercuts any sense of her total immersion in the character. Logically enough, Arthur spent much of her early career in Off-Broadway revues, parodying the kind of torch songs that Stritch gravelled out so convincingly; the TV roles that have made Arthur a nationwide celebrity are women who instantly grasp the ironies in their every situation.
As you might expect, the solo shows that Stritch and Arthur are now performing, a few blocks from each other, convey their nearly antithetical personalities and backgrounds. At the same time, they sum up the opposite coasts on which American culture forms itself. Intense, confessional, and fiercely determined, Stritch is purest New York; her show runs a full two hours 40. Bea, impudent, imperturbable, and gracious, delivers a full plate of selections in a breezy, intermissionless 90 minutes. As she amicably explains the pleasure of being barefoot onstage, she looks the height of hostessy elegance in her smartly tailored pants and sequined top; Stritch, explaining only her past as she drags an inexplicable barstool around the stage, is a Broadway gypsy, dressed for rehearsal in shirttails and tights. When she tells the story of her failed audition for Golden Girls, you can instantly see why Bea got the role instead: Self-punishing Stritch works too damn hard for TV-land.
There were times, of course, when all she did was punish herself: Elaine Stritch at Liberty is a song-studded drama of alcoholic recoverya quintessential Hollywood genre, ironically. While some of Stritch's songs, like "Ladies Who Lunch," are valued items of personal property, brought out as evidence of her high status in the theater, others are "spotted" in the evening, just as familiar songs might be dropped into a screenplay for effect. Shifting from song fragment to talk and back again, Stritch is her own underscoring (backed by a small band playing exquisite Jonathan Tunick orchestrations). The songs, from hither and yon, are all made to belong to Stritch's story, and her performance guarantees that you'll think they all belong to her.