By Jared Chausow
By Katie Toth
By Elizabeth Flock
By Albert Samaha
By Anna Merlan
By Jon Campbell
By Jon Campbell
By Albert Samaha
Since the start of the war on terrorism last autumn, more than twice as many U.S. troops have died in crashes of aircraft around the world than were killed by hostile forces. The latest figure, 23 dead in downed choppers or planes, doesn't include recent losses on training runs closer to home, and stands in stark contrast to the 10 slain (eight of those in aircraft) by Talib or Al Qaeda soldiers. American service members, some merely wounded, have fallen from the sky in accidents involving fighter jets, tanker planes, and a B-1 bomberall without enemy fire.
In Afghanistan, an incomplete list of downings includes outright crashes and hard landings. On November 2, four soldiers were hurt when an Army Special Forces chopper crashed in bad weather. On November 20, a Marine Chinook 46 crash-landed, with four injured. On January 20 of this year, a Marine Sikorsky transport helicopter crashed, killing two and wounding five. On January 28, 16 soldiers of the 101st Airborne were harmed when their Chinook made a hard landing near Khost.
As the war expanded into the Philippines, an army MH-47E chopper crashed over the Pacific in February, killing all 10 troops aboard. And just last week, on May 8, two navy T-39 Sabreliner jets went down near Pensacola, Florida, claiming the lives of seven passengersamong them two civilians and a Saudi air officer.
Military insiders say the rash of downings stems from the obvious increase in flight time, both for combat and training. Pentagon whistle-blower Chuck Spinney discounted the age of the fleet, saying aircraft should be continually overhauled anyway. Spinney said there are other forces at work."In Afghanistan, one of the factors is the altitude and wind conditions," he said. "It gets more difficult to fly in the mountains. You have updrafts and downdrafts and side drafts, and in a combat situation you may be tempted to land too fast. Another reason is just the gobs and gobs of dust.
"Blaming it on age is a very dangerous thing," Spinney continued. "The Marines in part want you to believe that the age is a problem because they want these V-22s"a next-generation chopper"which are a piece of shit."
A May 11 article in The New York Times mentioned that "thousands of satellite photographs of Afghanistan lay idly in storage at the height of the American military campaign." Could the lack of adequate maps have played a role? Were the deaths from poor training or musty equipment? One Pentagon spokesperson declined to comment. Another said the number of crashes didn't seem unusual to him.
The notes of a Minneapolis FBI agent who feared Zacarias Moussaoui, the French Moroccan flight student, might be planning to "fly something into the World Trade Center" are being hailed as the first serious mention of foreknowledge of 9-11. Published in the current issue of Newsweek, the remarks in fact followed several other warnings, as detailed on Alternewswire.com, a site edited by freelance writer and Voice contributor Russ Kick.
In December 2000, Alternewswire relates, a congressionally appointed committee called the Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction stated in its second annual report, "We are impelled by the stark realization that a terrorist attack on some level inside our borders is inevitable."
On September 10, 2001, the day before the attack, a report by the Congressional Research Service said, "Signs continue to point to . . . a rise in the scope of threat posed by the independent network of exiled Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden." The report also says, "The network wants to strike within the United States itself."
The Pentagon commissioned a report in the late 1990s that warned of terrorist attacks. The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Centurya blue-ribbon panel chaired by two former senators and including an executive of Lockheed Martin, a former NATO commander, the president of the Council on Foreign Relations, and former secretaries of defense and energytraveled to 25 nations, interviewed 100 experts, then issued a September 15, 1999, report that said: "Americans will likely die on American soil, possibly in large numbers. . . . America will become increasingly vulnerable to hostile attack on our homeland, and our military superiority will not entirely protect us."
The commission's final report of March 15, 2001, said, "The combination of unconventional weapons proliferation with the persistence of international terrorism will end the relative invulnerability of the U.S. homeland to catastrophic attack. To deter attack against the homeland in the 21st century, the United States requires a new triad of prevention, protection, and response."
Whether it was intentional or not, Bush family buddies at Enron pretty much ran the nation's energy policy in the early days of the Dubya presidency.
During and right after the presidential election of 2000, Enron took steps in California to manipulate markets so as to deepen the crisis. An internal company memo prepared by Enron attorneys on December 6, 2000, describes a series of subterfuges with Hollywood names, in which the firm sought to make money by screwing up the market, then getting the state to pay it billions for straightening out the fake mess. At the heart of this operation was a unit called Enron Energy Services, run at the time by Thomas White, now secretary of the army.
According to Public Citizen, "White's division traded more than 11 million megawatts of electricity in the California market alone, making nearly 98 percent of these trades with other Enron divisions at astronomical prices up to $2500 a megawatt hour (the standard price at the time was less than $340 a megawatt hour)."
Meanwhile in Washington, the company was paying Quinn Gillespie & Associates, a Washington lobby shop, more than half a million dollars in the first seven months of 2001 to lobby the "Executive Office of the President" on the "California electric crisis," according to the lobbying disclosure report filed with Congress on April 10, 2001. Ed Gillespie, the firm's co-founder, was former communications director at the Republican National Committee and a top Bush adviser during the campaign. Quinn Gillespie was lobbying to prevent the federal government from delving into the crisis and re-regulating electricity.
By this time, Bush himself was spouting the line that the people of California would just have to face up to the crisis of their own making. On January 30, 2001, the new president sought to distance his administration from the California energy crisis, arguing that his energy task force would seek long-term remedies, not short-term fixes. Bush said he believed California's energy deregulation plan was to blame for the state's problem, which "is going to be best remedied in California by Californians."
Bush then tried to change the subject by pushing Enron's interests in another area, the petroleum reserves of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. "How do we encourage conservation on the one hand, and bring more energy into the marketplace? And a good place to look is going to be ANWR," said Bush. "And I campaigned hard on the notion of having an environmentally sensitive exploration to ANWR, and I think we can do so."
What politicians in Washington have known for years is that the Alaska debate is code for the more serious efforts by the oil and gas industry to find a way to transport Alaskan natural gas to the lower 48, eventually through a pipeline across Canada and into the Midwest. As the leading broker in natural gas and owner of the nation's largest natural gas pipeline, Enron's future was closely tied to such gas imports.
Behind the scenes, Enron CEO Ken Lay himself was twisting arms. Curtis Hebert Jr., head of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, told The New York Times that he had received a phone call from Ken Lay early in 2001. Hebert knew Lay was a friend of the Bush family and a heavy contributor to the Bush campaign. Lay asked him to push for faster and deeper deregulation in electricity. If he did so, Hebert recalled, Lay said he'd continue to back him within the administration; if not, the implication was there would be a new chairman. "I was offended," Hebert told the Times. Lay subsequently denied he was trying to force out Hebert, who was replaced by Pat Wood.
All through these early days of the Bush administration, Lay and other Enron executives were consulting on policy matters with Vice President Dick Cheney's energy task force.
Even with Enron in shambles, Bush's Enron bandwagon keeps rolling along. The president recently nominated Joseph Kelliher to FERC. On March 18, Kellihera top official of the Department of Energyasked in an e-mail to a key natural gas industry lobbyist, "If you were King, or Il Duce, what would you include in a national energy policy, especially with respect to natural gas issues? I am working up the policy elements, and am less confident of my judgement on gas pipeline issues than other areas, and thought I would pick your brain."
White folks heading east to celebrate Memorial Day at the Aryan Nations HQ in Pennsylvania have their fingers crossed for a special door prize. Their newsletter touts a raffle drawing for the coveted Adolf Hitler doll.
Additional reporting: Gabrielle Jackson, Meritxell Mir, and Michael Ridley