Nation

  • War Bad, Economy Bad, Senate Bad
  • First Came Registration, Then Internment
  • Racist Church Needs Converts

  • War Bad, Economy Bad, Senate Bad
    Bush's New Year Devolution

    We're two weeks into January and already George W. Bush is hitting the wall. The president's military commanders have been widely quoted as being against the war he'd so love to wage in Iraq. UN arms inspectors say it could take a year to finish their work, and then only if Saddam Hussein cooperates. The UN Security Council won't give in until the results are in. Even Bush's one staunch ally, British prime minister Tony Blair, is dragging his feet, asking that the inspectors be given more time.

    Now come reports of a revolt within the Senate Republican establishment. Led by John Warner of Virginia, senators at last week's GOP retreat lashed out over Bush's "arrogance." It's payback time for an administration that has at best ignored lawmakers and at worst deliberately kept them in the dark.

    Warner is quoted by Bob Novak as having ripped into White House chief of staff Andrew Card: "I will not tolerate a continuation of what's been going on the last two years." Warner was quickly backed up by Kansas senator and former marine officer Pat Roberts. Senator Kit Bond of Missouri even asked Card to explain the connection between Iraq and Al Qaeda.

    Bush's troubles within his own party are playing out as the economy remains in the doldrums, with no sign of relief in sight save Bush's nutty dividend taxation plan—another sticking point for GOP senators—and a wacko new policy aimed at replacing unemployment insurance.

    Envisioned as a sort of bootstrap fix, the $3.6 billion Personal Re-employment Accounts scheme would provide some unemployed workers with $3000 to spend on training and "supportive services," with leftover money becoming a cash "re-employment bonus."

    Dan Mitchell, the Heritage Foundation's freewheeling, libertarian-minded economic expert, tells the Voice the plan would be better than the current system, which he says pays people not to work. "On the surface," Mitchell says, "these accounts just look like the government giving out money. They are actually the precursor to future reform."

    But Bruce Meyer, an economist with Northwestern University's Institute for Policy Research, argues the accounts have the makings of yet one more government rip-off. Meyer says a third of all eligible people don't file for benefits, believing they won't be out of work long enough to collect more than a few hundred dollars. "Now, if someone is suddenly eligible for $3000 when they show up at the unemployment office, a lot more people are going to be willing to do it," he says.


    First Came Registration, Then Internment
    Deporting for Duty

    Last week frightened men from Pakistan and other Muslim countries began lining up to register as required by the Justice Department. What practical purpose can these registrations possibly serve? They're unlikely to turn up terrorists. But they would prove very useful should the government decide to round up Arab immigrants.

    Think mass internments couldn't happen again? Consider the experience of Japanese Americans during World War II, who—as the Museum of the City of San Francisco chronicles at sfmuseum.org—went from being a vital part of West Coast society to spy suspects to prisoners.

  • December 7, 1941: The Japanese military attacks U.S. forces stationed in Pearl Harbor.
  • January 4, 1942: General John DeWitt meets with the chief of the War Department's Aliens Division to define strategic areas from which enemy aliens will be excluded.
  • January 21, 1942: Secret army intelligence report says there is an "espionage net containing Japanese aliens, first- and second-generation Japanese, and other nationals . . . thoroughly organized and working underground."
  • February 2, 1942: Registration of enemy aliens begins. The FBI also starts random search-and-seizure raids at the homes and businesses of Japanese aliens. California governor Culbert L. Olson says removing the Japanese from California might mean the troublesome necessity of importing large numbers of black and Mexican laborers.
  • February 12, 1942: Columnist Walter Lippmann says the West Coast "is in imminent danger of a combined attack from within and without. . . . It may at any moment be a battlefield. Nobody's constitutional rights include the right to reside and do business on a battlefield."
  • February 13, 1942: The entire California congressional delegation recommends "the immediate evacuation of all persons of Japanese lineage."
  • February 15, 1942: The first exodus of enemy aliens from restricted military zones throughout Northern California begins. They're under orders to "move out and stay out."
  • February 19, 1942: President Roosevelt signs Executive Order No. 9066, allowing military commanders to remove persons of Japanese ancestry from the Pacific Coast.
  • March 2, 1942: People of Japanese ancestry living in San Francisco are ordered to voluntarily evacuate to inland locations, following the president's orders. News reports say a "Negro-Japanese Fifth Column" is possible.
  • March 26, 1942: The FBI reports that 772 enemy aliens have been arrested in the San Francisco district since the start of the war.
  • April 21, 1942: FBI and police launch alien raids throughout the Bay Area.
  • May 20, 1942: The last Japanese residents are taken from San Francisco. Six Greyhound buses carry 274 people to the Tanforan assembly center.
  • 1982: President Reagan's commission on wartime relocation and internment of civilians states, "Executive Order 9066 was not justified by military necessity. The broad historical causes—were race prejudice,war hysteria, and failure of political leadership." The Supreme Court also rules the camps illegal, and survivors of them are awarded $20,000 in reparations.
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