By Jena Ardell
By Jon Campbell
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Tessa Stuart
By Roy Edroso
By Jon Campbell
By Albert Samaha
By Zachary D. Roberts
Of all the officials in the Bush administration, none is more bellicose when it comes to trumpeting his determination to rid the world of Saddam than Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld.
Back in the 1980s Ronald Reagan recruited Rumsfeld, who had by then served as Gerald Ford's secretary of defense and was chair of the powerful international pharmaceutical firm G.D. Searle & Co., to be his special envoy to Saddam Hussein. The accounts of these visits suggest that Rummy got along famously with Tariq Aziz, Saddam's foreign minister, and cozied up to Saddam himself, whom the U.S. was encouraging to make a good show against the Iranians. In reports of Rummy's chats with Saddam, the special envoy makes no mention of torture. There are no ruminations about an unhappy, suppressed populace.
During the 1980s, Reagan officials talked often with Iraqi officials, and the U.S. removed Iraq from terrorist status, freed up loans for agriculture, encouraged arms trade, and helped out Iraqi nuclear development. The administration did its very best to look the other way when it came to gassing the Iranian front lines and the Kurdish villages. The U.S. policy on Iraq's use of poison gas was to condemn it formally but go forward with a growing relationship with Saddam, who was viewed as a useful counterweight to Iran's mad mullahs. Saddam, as we well knew at the time, had absolutely nothing to do with religious Islamists. He was a secular nationalist of a particularly vicious stripe.
According to U.S. government communiqués compiled by the National Security Archive, a private organization based at George Washington University, Rumsfeld and Tariq Aziz agreed in December 1983 that "the U.S. and Iraq shared many common interests." And Rumsfeld expressed "our willingness to do more" for Iraq in its war with Iran.
From the U.S perspective, gassing Saddam's Iranian enemies was not exactly the top priority, especially when, at the time, U.S. officials were trembling at the prospect of hundreds of thousands of Iranian fanatics overrunning the Middle East and rushing into Turkey and God knows where else.
When the Iranians tried to get the UN to pass a resolution condemning the use of gas, the Reagan administration ordered its ambassador, Jeane Kirkpatrick, to seek what was referred to as a "no decision." If this were not achievable, she was to abstain on the issue.
Additional reporting: Phoebe St John