Who's Who in the U.S.-Led Coalition Against Iraq?

What follows is a partial list of countries in the U.S.-led Coalition of the Willing against Iraq. The data has been collected from published sources, including CIA documents. The comments on human rights abuses come from Amnesty International.


Afghanistan
Pop: 27,775,775
GDP: $ 21 billion
Military manpower available: 6,896,623
Military forces: not available
Note: Not only are police unable to guarantee the protection of human rights in Afghanistan, but some members of the police themselves are involved in committing human rights violations. Amnesty International has found evidence of torture and ill treatment of individuals at the hands of the police. Alleged violations include the use of electric shocks and severe and prolonged beatings, particularly at the time of interrogation.

Albania
Pop: 3,544,841
GDP: $14 billion
Military manpower available: 888,086
Military expenditures dollar figure: $56.5 million

Australia
Pop: 19,546,792
GDP: $528 billion
Military manpower available: 5,013,406
Military expenditures dollar figure: $9.3 billion

Azerbaidjan
Pop: 7,798,497
GDP: $27 billion
Military manpower available: 2,131,331
Military expenditures dollar figure: $121 million

Bulgaria
Pop: 7,621,337
GDP: $50.6 billion
Military manpower available: 1,873,052 (males age 15-49)
Military expenditures dollar figure: $356 million

Colombia
Pop: 41,008,227
GDP: $225 billion
Military manpower available: 10,946,932
Military expenditures dollar figure: $3.3 billion
Note: Over the past years, scores of human rights activists have been killed or "disappeared" in Columbia. Hundreds have suffered death threats, attacks, and intimidation, or have been forced to leave the country in fear for their lives. In rural areas, where political violence is most intense, the level of persecution is such that human rights organizations are no longer able to operate.

South Korea
Pop: 48.324 million
GDP: $931 billion
Military manpower available: 14,194,960
Military expenditures dollar figure: $12.8 billion
Military expenditures percent of GDP: 2.8%

Italy
Pop: 27,715,625
GDP (Purchasing power parity): $1.438 trillion
Military manpower available: 14,184,307 (males age 15-49)
Military expenditures dollar figure: $20.2 billion
Military expenditures percent of GDP: 1.64% Latvia
Pop: 2.366.515
GDP (purchasing power parity): $ 20 billion
Military Power-availability: 591,592 (males age 15-49)
Military expenditures dollar figure: $87 million
Military expenditures percent of GDP: 1.2%

Lithuania
Pop: 3,601,138
GDP: $ 29.2 billion
Military manpower available: 933,638
Military expenditures dollar figure: $230.8 million

Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav, Republic
Pop: 2,054,800
GDP: $10 billion
Military manpower available: 551,523
Military expenditures dollar figure: $200 million

Nicaragua
Pop: 5,023,848
GDP: $12.3 billion
Military manpower availabile: 1,308,430 (males age 15-49)
Military expenditures dollar figure: $26 million

Uzbekistan
Pop: 25,563,441
GDP: $62 billion
Military manpower available: 6,747,221
Military expenditures dollar figure: $200 million
Note: Death sentences and executions in Uzbekistan since the beginning of 1999 have reached an alarmingly high number, with at least 55 death sentences and 15 executions, Amnesty International said. Since information on the death penalty is regarded as a state secret, the real number of those sentenced to death and executed may be much higher. "We have frequently received allegations that international fair trial standards were violated in the trials of people sentenced to death," Amnesty International adds. "In particular, victims have claimed that they were convicted on the basis of confessions made as a result of torture."

Netherlands
Pop: 16,067,754
GDP: $434 billion
Military manpower available: 4,077,917
Military expenditures dollar figure: $6.5 billion

Philippines
Pop: 84,525,639
GDP: $335 billion
Military manpower available: 21,718,304
Military expenditures dollar figure: $995 million
Note: Techniques of torture are used to extract information and force confessions. These include electroshocks; the use of plastic bags to suffocate detainees; burning detainees with cigarettes; beating with fists, metal pipes, or gun barrels; and placing chili peppers on the detainees' eyes or genitals. Those most at risk of torture are alleged members of armed opposition groups and their suspected sympathizers, ordinary criminal suspects, and members of poor or marginalized communities who are suspected of committing criminal acts (including women and children).

Poland
Pop: 38,625,478
GDP: $368.1 billion
Military manpower available: 10,415,598
Military expenditures dollar figure: $3.5 billion

Czech Republick
Pop: 10,256,760
GDP (purchasing power parity): $155.9 billion
Military manpower available: 2,637,128
Military expenditures dollar figure: $1.190.200 million

Romania
Pop: 22,317,730
GDP: 152.7 billion
Military manpower available: 5,906,601
Military expenditures dollar figure: $985 million

United Kingdom
Pop: 59,778,002
GDP (Purchasing power parity): $1.52 trillion
Military manpower available: 14,632,418
Military expenditures dollar figure: $31.7 billion

El Salvador
Pop: 6,353,681
GDP (purchasing power parity): $28.4 billion
Military manpower available: 1,500,712
Military expenditures dollar figure: $112 million

Slovakia
Pop: 5,422,366
GDP: $66 billion
Military manpower available: 1,486,728
Military expenditures dollar figure: $406 million

Turkey
Pop: 67,308,928
GDP: $ 468 billion
Military manpower available: 19,219,177
Military expenditures dollar figure: $8.1 billion
Note: Women from all social and cultural backgrounds are subjected to abuse, assault, and rape in detention. Some sectors of women are particularly at risk, especially women of Kurdish origin from the southeast and women who hold political beliefs unacceptable to the authorities or military. It continues to be extremely difficult for women who have experienced sexual violence to speak out and obtain justice. Ostracism, discrimination by society, and concepts of "honor" conspire to silence the survivors of sexual violence. When agents of the state are the perpetrators, they reinforce a culture of violence and discrimination that places all women at risk.

Kuwait
Pop: 2,111,561
GDP: $ 30.9 billion
Military manpower available: 812,059
Military expenditures dollar figure: $1.967.3 million

Qatar
Pop: 793.341
GDP: $ 16.3 billion
Military manpower available 316.885
Military expenditures dollar figure: $723 million

Saudi Arabia
Pop: 23,513,341
GDP: $241 billion
Military manpower available: 6,007,635
Military expenditures dollar figure: $18.3 billion

Denmark
Pop: 5,368,854
The GDP: $155.5 billion.
Military manpower available: 1,287,168
Military expenditure: $2.47 billion

Eritrea
Pop: 4,465,651
GDP: $3.2 billion
Mililitary manpower: not available
Military expenditure: $138.3 million

Spain
Pop: 40,077,100
GDP: $828 billion
Military manpower available: 10,520,561
Military expenditure: $8.6 billion
Note: The UN Committee—which examined Spain's fourth periodic report on its implementation of the UN Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment—expressed its particular concern about reports of rape and sexual abuse, ill treatment of unaccompanied children during expulsion procedures, and other acts of ill treatment against immigrants. Torture or ill treatment of members of ethnic minorities or of foreigners is widespread in Spain. "Men, women, and children have been verbally abused, physically ill-treated, detained without any explanation, and in some cases tortured," stated Gillian Fleming, Amnesty International's researcher on Spain.

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