By Anna Merlan
By Keegan Hamilton
By Albert Samaha
By Darwin BondGraham
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By Tessa Stuart
The performing arts foster cultural exchange, but as war escalates, intensified security checks and higher fees for visa processing affect every venue presenting international artists. Lincoln Center, Dance Theater Workshop, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and World Music Institute have experienced the delays, expense, and apparent arbitrariness of visa policies.
The Peking Opera Company of Jilin was scheduled to perform at Symphony Space April 10 and 11, but the 40-member troupe was denied visas. "We were told the American consulate in China did not believe the 40 performers would return," says Don Hughes, co-producer of the troupe's 22-performance tour. "That's nonsense. If they had said 'due to imminent attack of the United States on Iraq,' I would have accepted that. I've been bringing groups from China since 1986, from Russia since 1987. Last year we got visas from the same consulate office, and all the artists went home." The visa denial caused Hughes's first tour cancellation in 27 years.
The March 1 restructuring of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, renamed the Bureau for Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS), made it part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Immigration lawyer Jonathan Ginsburg, based in Virginia, works with presenters, management companies, and individual artists. "No one knows who in DHS will exercise visa authority," he says. "They are involved now in figuring this out, and you get wackos like Congressman James Sensenbrenner, who assumes immigration should be kept with the police department."
Visa processing begins with presenters' petitioning BCIS. Then foreign performers visit an American consulate abroad. They're checked again at the airport, where artists can be denied entry by Border Patrol. "What are they revved up to stop?" asks Mary Reilly, director of artist services at BAM. "So an actor has ragged hair, a piece of luggage that looks like it's traveled the world, is tired because they just did a show. We're going to have to have etiquette coaching for performers at airports. These are the artists, ambassadors of goodwill, peacemakers. They bring so much to New York. It's a financial win for the city: buses, hotel, the local economy. We all suffer when peacemakers are punished and feared wrongly."
Ginsburg notes a fundamental shift in America's attitude toward immigration, what he calls "an increasing atmosphere change at consulates. They no longer look at immigration as something positive. The Homeland Security Act says they can review anything they want, that immigration is not necessarily good. It's about securitya police function. You get different results if you look at it that way."
DTW's "World Wide Works" festival opens April 3, with performers from Australia, China, the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, and France. Cathy Edwards, director of DTW's Inter/National Programs, says, "One could have predicted after 9-11 that visa processing was going to get harder." A month ago, visas for the first company in the festival, Déjà Donné, had not arrived. "Last summer the system became so logjammed that the only way to get your petition looked at was by paying the premium processing fee," she says.
Known as PPF, the $1,000 fee charged by the BCIS expedites a petition's review. Explains Ginsburg: "High-tech industry wanted to get visas for professional workers approved more quickly. High tech said, 'Greatwhat do we care?we can pay $1,000 and we get our workers in two weeks.' The INS started PPF because Congress had not, for years, appropriated sufficient funds to allow it to accomplish its mission, so there were lengthy backlogs. If you wanted to pay $1,000 and get a result in 15 days, you could. Then INS could take that money and improve its infrastructure. Post-9-11, the INS had to engage in additional security checks. Now, under BCIS, the California Service Center has a standard turnaround time of 180 days. But regulations say you can't file more than six months in advance. How do you square that with BCIS claiming the PPF is voluntary? I say, bullshit! What aspect of this is voluntary?"
In February, Edwards refiled Déjà Donné's petition, paying the unbudgeted-for PPF. Their visas arrived two weeks ago.
"In general we are talking $1,000 for the performer's petition, plus $1,000 for the technical staff petition, plus a $130 per-application fee each. That's $2,260. Plus, the AGMA and IATSE unions now charge $250 per letter of support. That's $2,760," says Edwards. "You either have a huge budget that can accommodate that kind of extra money, or you're doing less international work, or you're more motivated to collaborate with partners."
From April 10 to 13, the Australia-based Lucy Guerin Company performs at DTW as part of a five-presenter partnership. "Knowing how expensive and cumbersome the visa process is, we feel more comfortable when we are not the only presenter. You can split the cost and the administrative burden with your peers," explains Edwards. "I just got my invoice for $750, which is still $750 more than it would have been a year ago!"
In a field built on bare-minimum budgets, such expenditures are debilitating. How did PPF slip through? "Bill Yates [formerly of the INS, now acting associate director for operations at BCIS] said, 'We talked to the arts,' " says Ginsburg. "I asked who. He said 'Warner Bros.' I have every respect in the world for Bill but for INS to think they talked to someone in the arts, and it was Warner Bros.that's not the arts, that's Hollywood."