By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
By Tom Sellar
By Jessica Dawson
By Tom Sellar
By R. C. Baker
By Tom Sellar
If beauty is truth, as Keats and Lorenz Hart used to claim, there must be an extraordinary beauty in the simultaneous assertion of two contradictory truths. And that extraordinary department of beauty, for which someone must have invented a name by now, is the principal source of drama. I mean drama and not theater: In the latter, beauty can be single and simple. Nor do I mean any of the ways, from dialectics to deconstruction, by which theorists have tried to "solve" the puzzle of this beauteous dualism: I mean a both/and, not an either/or with a synthesis or a symposium to follow. What I mean isactually, it makes more sense to point to an object that exemplifies what I mean than to waste space trying to explain it; let the lexicographers and taxonomists face that challenge. The critic's function is to point to the object.
So I point to Doug Wright's I Am My Own Wife, as directed by Moisés Kaufman and acted by Jefferson Mays, at Playwrights Horizons. This is a play which is in some ways not a play, and a piece of drama which is in all ways a piece of theater. And its beauty, which can definitely be called "extraordinary," falls into the category of always being two things at once.
Charlotte von Mahlsdorf was a transvestite who lived in Berlin. That is to say, she was born a boy named Lothar Berfelde, who early on adopted an interest in women's clothing and female ways. This wasn't easy, since Lothar was born in the early 1920s; he entered adolescence just as the Nazi war machine got rolling, and, having survived the war, found himself as a young man in the East Berlin district of Mahlsdorf, which would very shortly be on the wrong side of a wall that stayed up for three decades. Neither the Nazis nor the "Democratic Republic" headed by Erich Honecker was enthusiastic about homosexual men whose two consuming interests were women's clothes and the furniture, especially clocks and gramophones, of the Kaiser Wilhelm era. No history-minded bookmaker handicapping Lothar's chances of survival from 1938 to 1988 would have given him better than a hundred to one.
But somehow LotharCharlotte, rathersurvived. The Nazis' bureaucracy, famously rigid, was also famously slipshod and full of inconsistencies; a quick-witted teenager with a little luck could easily slip through the cracks. The Communist bureaucracy took a while setting up; during that while East Berlin was anybody's game. By the time the Communist system, too, began to harden into its own infamously inferior sort of concrete block, Charlotte was a recognized expert on the decorative objects of the Wilhelmine era, running a museum of its classic objects in one of Mahlsdorf's last surviving manor houses. For credibility, the East German regime needed to sustain cultural-heritage sites; and an expert appraiser of antique objects, however eccentric, was always useful to an impoverished system in which an injection of Western currency was the grease that kept Communism's wheels turning.
Charlotte, in her quiet, obstinate way, went in at one end of this nightmare and emerged, shaken but whole, at the other. At which point the German media found her, just in time to be canonized as a gay rights heroine, and an American correspondent alerted Wright, who immediately saw Charlotte's theatrical possibilities. But the theatricality of Charlotte's story is the opposite of drama, since the governments of Hitler and Honecker are not equal in truth, morally speaking, to the desire of a male human being to survive as herself. At best, her memories of oppression and endurance could make melodrama: good girl-guy versus bad homophobe-guys.
As Wright explored, however, he discovered that some of Charlotte's memories of her struggle looked less convincing in the harsh light of fact. Which is whereI have deliberately taken a long time to lead up to itthe drama of I Am My Own Wife begins. Charlotte is not only not a "real" woman; she is perhaps not even the woman she says she is. It may be that almost everything she says about her history is not true of her, and perhaps even not true at all. She says, for instance, that she murdered her tyrannical Nazi father for abusing her mother; the scene is acted out, rivetingly, in Wright's play. But so is the confrontation in which a researcher tells Charlotte that no record of such a murder has been found.
Contradiction is of course a source of comedy as well as of drama, and Kaufman's production opens with a gesture that sums up the cunning paradox of Wright's script: Mays's Charlotte enters, with his solemn, somnambulic walk, upstage, behind a scrim, at right angles to us. Veiled, distant, unconnected, he comes to the "practical" door in this translucent back wall, throws it open, comes through it, gazes front, and thenturns on his heel and walks back the way he came. The false exit, one of the oldest gestures in stage comedy, has a naturalistic meaning hereCharlotte has gone to get something she needsbut coming after the solemn and mysterious entrance, it has a bundle of deeper meanings too. This woman who is not a woman executes actions that are not actions, and makes connective gestures with us that don't connect. We are not going to "know" Charlotte.