The History Plays

Riots! Devils! Mopey Danes! The famous shows we're most sorry we missed.

In 1849, at the Astor Place Theater, riots broke out after an English actor, William Macready, attempted to play the lead in Macbeth. I long to have seen that production. Was Macready so terrible? Was theater ever of such consequence? (I'd prefer to have avoided the riot, though, which left more than 100 dead or wounded.)

Ah, for a theatrical time machine, to catch the important shows one missed! On the occasion of the 52nd Annual Obie Awards, we asked a host of Off-Broadway luminaries to tell us which production from all of theater history they most wish they could have been there to see.

Jeff Jones, curator, the Little Theater
What:The Bacchae, 406 B.C.
Why: I read somewhere that at the premiere, the chorus entered speaking in a meter of 5 over 8, and this was considered so terrifying that pregnant women in the audience gave birth. I would love to verify that. And of course Athens is lovely, despite the smog.

The Bacchae
illustration: Danny Hellman
The Bacchae

Young Jean Lee, writer-director-performer, Songs of the Dragons Flying to Heaven
What: The Law of Remains, by Reza Abdoh, 1992
Why: Because after [my boyfriend] saw it, he went outside, sat on the curb, and cried his eyes out. I don't think any show has ever affected me like that.

Elizabeth Marvel, actor, Dark Matters
What: A Moon for the Misbegotten, starring Colleen Dewhurst, 1973
Why: She is my stage heroine, my ultimate icon of stage performers, the quintessential American goddess. . . . To me, she had that great gift of being completely theatrical and totally true at the same time.

Richard Foreman, director, Wake Up Mr. Sleepy! Your Unconscious Mind Is Dead!
What: Impressions of Africa, by Raymond Roussel, 1912
Why: Audiences screamed and hooted in derision, but Marcel Duchamp is on record as saying it "showed him the way" in his own art, and remembering that has given me great courage to continue, down through the years.

The Playboy of the Western World
illustration: Danny Hellman

Alex Timbers, director, Gutenberg! The Musical!
What: Indians, by Arthur Kopit, on Broadway, 1969
Why: The production sounds insane in terms of the enormous scale, the self-eviscerating politics, and the cutting-edge use of meta-theatrics. I view Indians as the proud/sad father to Pippin, Godspell, and everything else that went wrong in the '70s.

Lynn Nottage, playwright, Intimate Apparel
What: In Dahomey, premiere, 1903
Why: It was the first full-length African- American musical on a major Broadway stage, and it starred the great performers Bert Williams, George Walker, and Aida Overton Walker. I often fantasize about being in the opening-night audience at the New York Theatre. There must have been a genuine mixture of danger and excitement in the air.

Robert Kaplowitz, sound designer, The Thugs
What: The Playboy of the Western World, second night at the Abbey Theatre, 1907
Why: The audience was so passionate, they showed up planning to riot.

Alvin Epstein, actor, King Lear
What: King Lear, starring Edmund Kean, 1820
Why: The acknowledged greatest challenge for the English-speaking actor is Lear. Kean's was judged "sublime." A contemporary account of Kean's Lear says, "His warmest bursts of passion never removed him beyond the weakness of age; his violence was that of the spirit, not of the frame; it had words and looks of fire."

Lear deBessonet, director, transFigures
What: Waiting for Lefty, by Clifford Odets, opening night, 1935
Why: Not for the aesthetic, but for the audience. I would like to feel that kind of fervor in the air of an American theater, to experience the swell of theater at its most immediate, rebellious, and empowering.

Yehuda Duenyas, director, Purity
What: The Cocoanuts, by the Marx Brothers, on Broadway, 1925
Why: The performing chemistry of the Marx Brothers has always been an inspiration to me. These were seasoned vaudeville performers. I imagine what they were doing felt so alive, so connected ? —and probably fuuuunny.

Lisa D'Amour, playwright, Stanley (2006)
What: The Government Inspector, by Gogol, directed by Meyerhold, 1926
Why: This was when Meyerhold was obsessed with creating an antirealistic "independent reality" for the stage. Intense physicality, aggressive set design. Productions from this time get compared to Brueghel or Dalí paintings, in terms of their fluidity and refusal to stay within the bounds of "real" time and space.

The Bedbug
illustration: Danny Hellman

David Cale, writer-actor, Floyd and Clea Under the Western Sky
What: Tongues and Savage/Love, by Joseph Chaikin and Sam Shepard, at the Public Theater, 1980
Why: Joseph Chaikin led me to the path I was supposed to be on, firstly with his Tourists and Refugees No. 2, and then with his book The Presence of the Actor. And Sam Shepard has inspired me from the beginning.

Erin Courtney, playwright, Alice the Magnet
What: Bad Penny, by Mac Wellman, directed by Jim Simpson in Central Park, 1989
Why: Mac is the best at turning the familiar strange. If only I could have seen his incantatory devils shouting from rocks, boats, and bridges.

Michael Friedman, composer, God's Ear
What: La Finta Matrigna, by the Comédie-Italienne, 1697
Why: After they were banished from the French stage, they began to perform on the fairgrounds of St. Germain. Suppressed dialogue held up on placards, pantomime, songs instead of speeches. Political comedy at its most vital and amazing.

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