By Keegan Hamilton
By Albert Samaha
By Village Voice staff
By Tessa Stuart
By Albert Samaha
By Steve Weinstein
By Devon Maloney
By Tessa Stuart
The Republicans' toughest rap in the election's final days was that Democrats and their leaders want to plunge the nation into "class warfare." Of course, this is laughable. Everyone knows that Democrats don't have the guts to wage class warfare. There is no better evidence of this than in Albany, where the party of the people has a new African-American leader who gets all wobbly these days whenever someone suggests taxing the rich.
Last week, Governor David Paterson announced that, thanks to the Wall Street meltdown, the state faces some $47 billion in budget shortfalls over the next four years. No one's ever heard these kinds of numbers before. But the accidental governor insists that he will cut his way out of this morass rather than impose any new taxes. Since much of the state's spending is on education, health, and assistance to those less well-off, this means that Albany must start whacking away at those parts of the budget. The governor has summoned legislators to do so at a special session on November 18. He has refused to name his own targets, but he is adamant that that's the way to go.
"Spending cuts are the only ones we can achieve right now," he said last week, immediately after a trip to Washington to push for federal aid. "We can't tax anybody."
Not that Paterson is opposed to people voluntarily paying more taxes if they so choose. Take gambling, for instance. Proving that he is an agile fiscal player, the governor recently called for turning lovely Belmont Park into a massive gambling emporium, something called a "racino." This came just a week after he approved 4,500 video gambling machines for Aqueduct Racetrack just down the road. It will generate millions in new revenues, the governor said.
Back when he was a lowly politician from Harlem and his party's minority leader in the State Senate, Paterson saw this business of government-induced gambling quite differently. "Gambling is the tax on the addicted," he said in 2003 when then Governor Pataki called for putting thousands of these same dollar-sucking machines into city OTB parlors to raise revenues. "And believe me, that is job-killing, and family-killing."
Of course, that was before Paterson could see the big picture, and before he had to worry about getting elected in his own right to the job he now holds. To do so, he believes he must prove to business leaders that he is not that radical from Harlem he pretended to be for so many years. What better proof than to give thousands of working-class New Yorkers the opportunity to smooth out any $20 bills they may still have in their pockets and feed them into these brilliant new machines?
The governor has also scored points with the business class by rigorously insisting that "everything is on the table" when it comes to cuts. This includes slices to school budgets in the middle of the school year. Even Senate Republican leader Dean Skelos—desperate for teachers' union support for his members' re-election—ruled out this approach. Whatever you think about the union, most parents get a bit concerned when school districts start cutting staff while kids are sitting in the classroom. Paterson dismissed this complaint as mere "poetry."
He got literary again in Washington, where he began his testimony last week by citing novelist Ayn Rand, patron saint of capitalist entrepreneurs. Paterson praised Rand and invoked her advice that "the greatest country in the world was founded on the basis of individuals, where people were encouraged to adventure, not to be complacent." He said that "an infection of greed and mismanagement" had distorted that fine trait. But his chief message to business leaders was this: New York's governor reads Ayn Rand!
The Fountainhead did not appear to be on his reading list when he was still that elected official from Harlem, one of the state's poorest districts. The same year that he lanced Pataki's gambling gimmicks as a tax on working people, Paterson called for a tax on the rich to help close what was then an $11.5 billion budget gap (slightly less than what Paterson projects for next year). He believed then that a 1 percent surcharge on incomes over $300,000 a year, and an added 1 percent bite on those above $500,000, were perfectly fair.
And he got his way. He helped the legislature impose—over Pataki's veto—a temporary, post-9/11 surcharge bumping the 6.85 percent top income-tax rate up to 7.7 percent on incomes over $500,000.
These days, the governor winces when legislators suggest that such a hike is again in order. Some people believe he is only performing his designated role in Albany's Kabuki dance of the budget, where all is shadows and gesture. If so, he's doing an excellent job.
He started last spring when he dismissed calls by Assembly Speaker Shelly Silver to consider a tax hike on top earners. The newly installed governor spoke of the wealthy as victims. "Not to drive up taxes for a constituency that has been, I would say, just battered over the past number of years," was his goal, he said then. "Compared to other states," he added, "I don't think that this is where we should be going."