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Relief from a summer movie season marked by blockbuster and franchise fatigue may come in the form of an extremely unlikely sequel. Opening this week, Life During Wartime is the fifth feature from writer/director Todd Solondz. Building off the experimental casting conceit that fueled his last film, Palindromes, in which multiple actresses of varying ages and races played the same character, Wartime revisits the family at the center of Happinesshis 1998 comedy of fear, loathing, and sex crimes in suburbiawith a whole new set of actors. Cynthia Stevenson's passive-aggressive wife Trish has grown up into Allison Janney, while Jane Adamss Joy has shrunken into Shirley Henderson and Lara Flynn Boyle's novelist Helen has aged into a beautifully bitter, brittle Ally Sheedy. (See also J. Hoberman's review, "Todd Solondz Returns with Life During Wartime.")
I wanted to have the freedom that recasting could give me, Solondz said recently in New York, where he's casting a film called Dark Horse, which he hopes to shoot in the fall. To create a new life. While Wartime's sisters approximate realistically aged and increasingly neurotic versions of the Happiness women, the male rolesincluding Jon Lovitz's doomed date Andy, Philip Seymour Hoffman's pathetic crank-caller Allen, and Dylan Baker's child-molesting dad Bill Maplewoodhave been recast for new subtext. Paul Pee Wee Reubens takes over for Lovitz, a jowly Ciarán Hinds replaces the babyfaced Baker, and Hoffman's part is played by Michael K. Williams, best known as Omar on The Wire.
I love Jon Lovitz, but Paul Reubens is a new thing altogether, Solondz explains. He has a whole history that you all know. So that experience has resonance, a certain pathos that I couldnt otherwise access. I love Dylan Baker, but I needed someone with a kind of grogginess, a heavinessthis is a husk of a spent man. And I didnt want an actor that wouldve in any way evoked Philip Seymour Hoffman.
Solondz has moved the bulk of the action from New Jersey to Florida, where Trish has relocated her family in the hopes of forgetting her ex-husbands pedophiliac crimes. South Florida for me is kind of a mythical place where you can go tabula rasa, erase the pastits where OJ went after the murders, he says cheerfully. Visually, it has this wonderful flatness, a color palette of toothpaste that is inimitable.
This breezy landscape of palm trees and stucco adds an extra layer of tension to the lives in solipsistic crisis, as do the photos of Israeli tanks decorating postmodern condos, and the War on Terror rhetoric infecting the angry exchanges between ex-lovers. For these characters, the political is so unavoidable that the only way to cope is to sink one's head into the sand of the personal. Wartime reflects Solondzs own anxiety over Americas increased role in the world, and the concurrent, ironic alienation of Americans. Completed in 2009, he calls it a post-9/11 film.
I confess that, after 9/11, I really read a lot more of the news than I had before, Solondz says. And the movie was fueled by this terrible obscenity. I think we all can remember, after the catastrophe, one of the beautiful things that happened is that people really came together and were so earnest in wanting to do good: 'What can we do? How can we help?' It was a unique moment that was very beautiful. And then Giuliani answered the question, Go shopping.
Here we are, a country at war as we speak, and its so much of an abstraction. Theres a kind of soullessness that can condone this disengagement.
Thus Wartime, while pointing directly back to Solondzs past work, takes a step outside of a previously insular frame of reference. Solondz was one of the small cadre of American writer/directors who became instant indie-film brands via a Sundance splash in the 1990s: His second feature, Welcome to the Dollhouse, won the Dramatic Grand Jury Prize there in 1996, and went on to gross about $4.5 million in theaters, more than Clerks or Reservoir Dogs. Happiness, which premiered at Cannes in 1998, was produced and set to be distributed by October Pictures, the indie outfit that had recently been acquired by Universal Studios. The film won the FIPRESCI prize at Cannes, but also caused enough of a furor for its supposed sympathy for a pedophile that Universal, in accordance with their corporate parent, Seagram, refused to release it. Producers Ted Hope and James Schamus eventually rolled out Happiness under their Good Machine banner, and it found an audiencefor better or for worse.
At the time, Happiness seemed to take on almost a kind of rock-and-roll hipness, Solondz remembers, not exactly proudly. When it first played, it was late at night, and a college kid came up to me, kind of a little drunk [and said], Man, I love your movie. It was great. It was great when that kid got rapedwhoa! And then I knew that I was in trouble. I know Im playing with fire, but its not exactly a turn-on. I didnt think people would look at it that way.
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