By Alex Distefano
By Scott Snowden
By Anna Merlan
By Steve Almond
By Jena Ardell
By Jon Campbell
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Tessa Stuart
For Jaime Alvarado, the decision to enroll in college at age 39 was daunting. The problem wasnt just his insecurity about whether, after more than 20 years away from a classroom, hed be able to solve for y in his pre-algebra class. It was the maze of college life and its unfamiliar language that left the former union organizer, now a cab driver, in a daze. What the heck was a bursar, anyway?
There was just so much information flowing around, Alvarado recalls. It was hard for me to absorb.
Fortunately, Alvarado was enrolled in Accelerated Study in Associate Programs, or ASAP, at LaGuardia Community College. The programs main goal is to fast-track its students to a cap and gown. Nationally, the urban community colleges three-year graduation rate is only 16 percent. Last June, three years after ASAPs inception, 55 percent of its initial 2007 cohort of 1,132 students had received associates degrees.
ASAP, which is offered at all six City University of New York community colleges, provides students with an adviser who guides them through the intricacies of college life. My adviser helped me break it down piece by piece, says Alvarado. She helped me with everything from choosing courses to finding the cafeteria.
Many students need the help that Alvarado gets, but they simply dont qualify for the program. ASAP students must agree to attend full-time in the first year and they must be college-ready, meaning that they dont need more than two remedial courses. Alvarado needed only onein mathso the program scooped him up. But what happens to the more typical community college student, who often arrives unprepared for college-level work?
CUNYs answer is to open a new community college in the summer of 2012, modeled on ASAP and built with the goal of increasing college graduation rates for a wider range of students. Initially situated across from Bryant Park, in a building that formerly housed the secretarial school Katharine Gibbs, the new school will eventually enroll up to 5,000 students in a new building at John Jay College of Criminal Justice at 59th Street and Tenth Avenue. Students will need only a high school diploma or a GED to apply. Once enrolled, they will benefit from some of the same services that ASAP students enjoy, such as one-on-one advising and free tutoring.
CUNY is betting that the closer an eye it keeps on students, the quicker it will hand them diplomas. Right now, 11 countries have a higher percentage of college graduates than the United States (which a decade ago was first). President Barack Obamas call for the U.S. to retake the lead by 2020 has stirred a debate around the purpose of community colleges. Should they train students for jobs, or prepare students to pursue a four-year degree?
The new CUNY community college planners think that they can, with a lot of student hand-holding, do both. However, some CUNY faculty remain skeptical of a curriculum whose main goal, they say, is to produce quick diplomas.
The new CUNY community college doesnt offer much choice, but that is part of the plan. The college will offer only eight majorsbusiness administration, information technology, energy services management, environmental science, health information technology, human services, liberal arts and sciences, and urban studiesmost chosen for their potential to land students a job after graduating. Faculty members will be expected to link students to jobs and internships in the students career fields. The curriculum is also streamlined, with remedial work integrated into regular courses.
Sandi Cooper, a history professor at the College of Staten Island and chair of CUNYs Faculty Senate, worries that the new schools curriculum is not as rigorous as those of other colleges, noting that most community colleges require two years of a language, two years of lab science, one year of math, as well as courses covering history and literature.
The core curriculum for the new college barely reflects any of those standards, she says. We dont want to mislead students into thinking that when they finish a two-year degree, they are qualified to move on to a senior college, unless they are. I call that fraud. We worry that whats going to be offered these students, while it may be wonderful in terms of support services, is pretty thin in terms of content.
Particularly controversial is the requirement that applicants submit to an interview. The purpose, according to John Mogulescu, the CUNY dean in charge of developing the new college, is to inform students about the intricacies of the collegenot weed them out. Cooper is skeptical, saying it violates CUNYs tradition of open admissions: The business of an interview is obviously an effort to ensure an enrollment of students who are likely to finish.
Students at the new college will also be required to attend full-time, at least for the first year, and spend at least 22 hours per week on campus. Nationally, about 60 percent of community college students are part-timers; about 87 percent of CUNY students initially enroll full-time, though the percentage drops dramatically in students second and third years.