Look Homeward, Angel
The Royal Tenenbaums may not be the movie of the year, but it is a seasonal gift to us all. Sweet and funny, doggedly oddball if bordering precious, Wes Anderson's third feature presents itself as the adaptation of a non-existent book, checked out of an anachronistic municipal library, and set in an enchanted Manhattan. It's the story of an Upper East Side Salingeresque family living in the memory of their own personal FAO Schwarz.
The movie's particular fantasy is that you can go home again, but not as you would wish. Anderson multiplies Max, the precocious hero of his 1998 Rushmore, by three, and extrapolates the boy's future unhappiness; The Royal Tenenbaums concerns the temporary reconstitution of its eponymous family after "two decades of failure, betrayal, and disaster." The three children of the long-separated Royal Tenenbaum (Gene Hackman) and his wife, Etheline (Anjelica Huston), are natural aristocrats. All were prodigiesthe financial whiz Chas, the playwright Margot, and the tennis champ Richie. Like exiled royalty, they are disoriented, yearning for a lost grandeur that never quite existed. (The title playfully echoes The Magnificent Ambersons.)
Anderson, who wrote the movie in collaboration with the irresistibly comic actor Owen Wilson, is most economical in establishing the Tenenbaum family myth and its aftermath. Still angry at his absent father, Chas (Ben Stiller) becomes even more furious upon losing his wife. An adopted child with an acute sense of rejection, sullen Margot (kohl-eyed Gwyneth Paltrow) is no longer able to write or indeed leave the house. Meanwhile, the youngest child, goofball Richie (Luke Wilson), sails around the world, having suffered a mid-championship on-court meltdown upon learning of Margot's marriage to another depressed character, Raleigh St. Clair (Bill Murray, sporting a Commander Whitehead beard).
As this is a family drama, the Tenenbaums are reunited in part because the bemused, engagingly remote Etheline has decided to marry her mild-mannered accountant, Henry Sherman (Danny Glover). The children return in the order of their birth. Chas is the first, accompanied by his two motherless boysall three in matching red jogging suits. Margot gets wind of the new arrangement and is properly outraged, complaining to her mother, "Why are they allowed to do that?" After she leaves her husband (or rather the bathroom where she hides out for most of the day), Richie heads home too. Sibling rivalry, a prime force in the Tenenbaum universe, is compounded by the presence of Richie's friend, the hilariously smug novelist Eli Cash (Owen Wilson).
To complete the regression and foil his wife's marriage plans, Royal also contrives to move back home. Once a prominent litigator, this lank-haired scampdiscordantly resplendent in pink shirts and ill-matched double-breasted suitshas been evicted from his pricey hotel. Part of Hackman's rancid charm is that he makes no bid for audience sympathyhis shameless manipulations are directed totally at the Tenenbaums. Royal misinforms Etheline that he's dying of cancer with six weeks to live, and it works. Even so, his kids are singularly unimpressed, with the glowering Chas taking a particularly hard line.
Anderson's admiration for Preston Sturges and Jean Renoir is evident in his ambitious orchestration of the Tenenbaum ensemble. But the movie also has the homey, familiar quality of the Sunday funnies. Richie is always in sweatband and shades, just as Margot rarely appears without her fur coat and Henry is never without his bow tieall the Tenenbaums, as well as their wannabe Eli, have comic-strip trademarks and are usually operating under the spell of an idée fixe. Etheline, who keeps a pencil handy in her hair, is clearly the adult (and Huston's performance appears the most nuanced) because she is the lone character who ever seems focused on more than one emotion.
The Royal Tenenbaums aspires toward an elusive moodiness. As in his previous films, Anderson makes extremely precise use of pop music. His main period is the late '60salthough the Ramones are drafted to score the comic montage of Margot's outré love life. The entire movie might have been conceived to provide a frame for Nico's behind-the-beat rendition of "These Days." The most romantic scene is set to, and bolstered by, consecutive selections from the Rolling Stones' Between the Buttonsfetishistically, the LP is even shown playing on a kid's plastic turntable in the bright yellow pup tent, decorated with decals and filled with toys, that Richie has pitched in the attic.
Throughout, the Tenenbaum house is shown as a series of cozy denseach consecrated to a particular individual. More droll than uproarious, albeit stuffed with off-speed gags and surprising one-liners throughout, the humor is similarly predicated on character. Anderson has an abracadabra sense of timinghis nerdy magic realism is enlivened by shock non sequiturs. He loves to populate the frame with unexpected types; he's a humanist, although not everyone will be equally amused by the deadpan duplicity of Royal's diminutive South Asian sidekick, Pagoda (Kumar Pallana).
The romantic pathos of Rushmore is lacking here, and Anderson overcompensates with a whimsical eccentricity that some may find arch. But beneath the layers of cleverness is a vein of melancholyoften signalled by the sound of wistful folk-rock in a world of overbright colorsas the Tenenbaums try to turn back the hands of time. The main romance is filial: the mutual desire for acceptance and forgiveness between parent and child. There's nothing sadder than Royal's belated attempt to treat Margot to an ice cream sundae in what looks like a shabby version of Rumpelmayer'sunless it's the final reconciliation between Royal and Chas. The most tender running gag is the imaginary, lost Manhattan Anderson has cobbled out of locations from the Lower East Side to Inwood (with forays into at least two other boroughs and several local islands).
In effect, The Royal Tenenbaums creates an alternate universe where every taxi is a battered gypsy cab and even a North Dakota clinic overlooks the wintry Hudson River. More than anything, the movie is redolent of late autumn in New York. The weather is overcast and chilly, but the human relations, however neurotic, have a cheery glowit's not for nothing that the family name means Christmas tree.
Kandahar may be the most fortuitously titled release to open here since Warner Bros. unveiled Casablanca only weeks after the Allies landed in North Africa. Mohsen Makhmalbaf's flawed but groundbreaking feature was conceived, well in advance of U.S. policy, to lift the burka on the lives of women (and others) in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan.
Canadian broadcast journalist Nelofer Pazira essentially plays herself as Nafas, an Afghan woman who left the country as a teenager and has returned in a desperate attempt to find her suicidal sister behind the Muslim curtain. The quest takes her to Kandahar, which, as the Taliban spiritual center, is more a state of mind than an actual city. Indeed, Afghanistan might as well be Mars. Essentially a road film, Kandahar tracks Nafas's progress across a barren planet where land-mine-mutilated men and the multicolored wrapped objects we deduce are women eke out a harsh insect existence.
Dropped at an Iranian refugee camp, Nafas re-enters Afghanistan in a three-wheeled van, disguised as the fourth wife in an impoverished family. She continues alone, on foot through the desert after the family is robbed, and returns to the safety of Iran, picking up a child guide at a chaotic mullah-administered school where the boys pray over their Kalashnikovs. The environment is chimerical. Nafas is befriended by an English-speaking doctor compelled to treat his female patients through a hole in a sheet hung between them (and who has several secrets of his own). She encounters a pair of apparently Polish nurses treating a horde of legless men, and ultimately attempts to smuggle herself into Kandahar by joining a wedding party, along with a one-handed beggar who is hiding beneath a burka.
Kandahar was made under extreme conditions on the Iranian-Afghan border, and the filmmaker's duress is evident. The dubbing is poor; the non-professional performances are stiff and monotonously declarative. The improvised dramatic scenes are punctuated with pictorial insertsmost likely an editing necessity. The movie feels truncated, but it communicates a certain urgency and at times a powerful sense of the absurd. No one who sees it will forget the cruel image of several dozen maimed men hobbling on their crutches into the desert where prosthetic limbs are parachuting down from the sky.
"His Royal Highness: Wes Anderson's Genius Lessons" by Jessica Winter
"Final Approach: Kandahar Director Mohsen Makhmalbaf's Covert Operations" by Lisa Katzman
J. Hoberman's review of Rushmore
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