Erasing The Lines
John Luther Adams has erased the lines in his music. In retrospect it seems an inevitable move. I'm speaking of the Alaska John Adams (not the Nixon in China one), who's suddenly got two and a half new CDs out. Two are on the Cold Blue label: an all-Adams disc called The Light That Fills the World, plus he's got the major work, Dark Wind, on a disc titled with the admittedly poetic last names of the composers: Adams/Cox/Fink/Fox. Even more recent is a disc on New World, a 75-minute piece called In the White Silence, conducted by Tim Weiss with the Oberlin Contemporary Music Ensemble. And in the four Cold Blue works, Adams's familiar languorous melodies, repeating patterns, and conflicting tempi are all gone: The music is reduced to pure harmony.
Adams has always been one to remind you in his music of where he lives, the big, white, frozen, arctic expanses reflected in big, shimmering, seamless tonal canvases with few distinct landmarks. In fact, Adams has evoked the whiteness of snow in a remarkable number of pieces that contain only "white" notes, not a single flat or sharp, including In the White Silence and The Farthest Place (on Cold Blue). But heretofore his snow has always fallen from clouds of rhythm, in conflicting tempos of often four-against-five-against-six-against-seven; my early critical trope on Adams's music made it a cross between Morton Feldman and Henry Cowell, Feldman for the slow, sustained sonorities and Cowell for the thickets of cross-rhythm. Now any feeling of tempo is gone, and these large chamber works for mallet percussion, piano, solo strings, and sometimes synthesizers merely grow and morph in a near-featureless harmonic continuum.
Imagine: You've got to write a piece sans melody, sans counterpoint, sans rhythm, merely with harmonyand you don't get to use any sharps or flats. That's The Farthest Placethe music doesn't merely sustain, it seethes with fluttered chords of piano, marimba, and xylophone, whose shimmering somehow provides a convincing metaphor for Adams's overriding image: light on a brilliantly reflective surface. Another piece, The Immeasurable Space of Tones, is darker, its synth chords ever so slowly whirling around the circle of fifths, adding flats to the scale with a gradualness that might make a person with perfect pitch dizzy, all over tones deep enough to rattle every light fixture in my house.
Adams explicitly ties this development in his music to the history of abstract expressionist painting. He cites Number 5, 1950, the last painting by Mark Rothko to include lines across a luminous color field before the artist plunged into a world of pure color: "After this," a critic observed, "the lines disappear completely." The comment made Adams realize that the places he liked best in his previous music were those where "nothing happened."
Yet I find myself most seduced by In the White Silence, which despite its recent release is the earliest piece here (1998). It still contains events: The string orchestra plays mystic chords, then the harp enters with eight-note melodies, the celeste glides through scales at a faster tempo, a string quartet plays chorales of upward lines, and finally solo string melodies float beneath a repetitive celeste arabesque. This progression of textures occurs six times across 75 minutes, first with emphasis on intervals of a second, then with thirds, fourths, fifths, sixths, and sevenths, a reliable Adams m.o. heard in earlier works as well. If you know what to listen for, these features help locate you within a vast, subtly repetitive, one-movement architecture.
I suspect that many new-music fans will prefer The Light That Fills the World, whose seamless continua exactly fit a common image of musical mysticism. But so far, I prefer In the White Silence for being less literal, a metaphor for eternity instead of a spun-off shard of the experience of eternity. Or perhaps simply because it's the most lusciously sensuous new recording I've heard in years. Besides, erasing the lines from your work, vanishing into nothingness, is a mark of one's late period, in Rothko's case a prelude to depression and eventual suicide. Adams was only recently a "young" composerhe just turned 50and he's one of the most cheerful artists I've ever met. If he's erasing the lines now, what's he going to do for an encore?
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