"Négritude" is a hip-sounding neologism invented by French-speaking writers in Paris in the 1930s. The idea was to create a pan-African identity, resistant to colonialism and informed by sources like surrealism, post-revolutionary Haiti, and Harlem Renaissance writers such as Langston Hughes and W. E. B. Dubois. The word "négre" also came with plenty of pejorative baggage, which meant that Aimé Césaire, who coined the term, and Léopold Sédar Senghor—not just a poet, but later Senegal's first president—were engaging in some good old linguistic... More >>>