Lives of the Imaginary Poets and Stars Both Puffy and Dead

Painter Rubens Ghenov Invents a Fresh Storyline for Abstraction; Frank Stella Heads for the Stars


It might come as a surprise that Rubens Ghenov’s arresting compositions — hard edges adulterated by voluptuous pours and gossamer gradations — are inspired by the unpublished poetry of Angelico Moranda (born in 1940 in Spain; death date unknown), who was said to retreat to the woods for devout meditations during which he would wear a shroud that exposed only his ears. It might come as even more of a surprise to learn that Moranda never existed but is “almost a resident ghost or bodhisattva of sorts,” as Ghenov (born in 1975) informed me in an email. The hesitancy of “almost” and “of sorts” goes a long way toward explaining the elusive but dynamic presences Ghenov conjures from paint.

A viewer who reads Moranda’s backstory in the gallery handout might see the exposed linen grounds of Ghenov’s paintings as an homage to the poet’s shroud. Whatever their impetus, the raw surfaces convey vulnerability — a slip of the brush would mar the sophisticated, straight-edged geometries. Or maybe that’s where some of the gorgeous blots and blurs of acrylic paint come from — does a serendipitous flick of the wrist beget Ghenov’s evocative biomorphic shapes? Francis Bacon, who spent much of his career working on raw canvas, would occasionally throw blobs of paint at it to create shapes that would surprise him (or, sometimes, ruin the image). The English painter spoke of trying to capture a glimpse of a figure in motion, when its visceral indistinctness could convey more human truth than the sharpest photographic portrait.

Like Bacon, who early in his career worked as an interior decorator, Ghenov possesses serious design chops, and some of these small paintings — each is 20 by 16 inches — deliver the initial punch of mid-20th-century graphics virtuoso Alvin Lustig’s knockout book jackets. But although Ghenov’s titles include words like “chronicle” and “unabridged,” along with the occasional trapezoid that hints at the spine of a book, his deft paint handling and sumptuous palette transcend any sense of illustration, even as a pair of facing rectangles here or a stray snippet of text there might summon a chapbook of ephemeral verse. Moments of gnarled texture recall the fractured grace of Georges Braque’s cubist interiors, while gray slabs floating like concrete clouds channel a deft surrealist ambiance, reinvigorating the timeless insight that a painting of a pipe is not a pipe.

Ghenov’s achievement is to have found a new door of perception for abstraction to knock on.

Morgan Lehman Gallery, 535 West 22nd Street, through December 23, 2014


Frank Stella’s Gregarious Formalism and Conceptual Whipsaws

Formally gregarious (if occasionally verging on aesthetic incoherence), Frank Stella, at age 78, continues to create a compelling and ebullient body of work that now spans three generations.

In 1981 art historian Douglas Crimp made Stella the poster boy for his essay “The End of Painting,” arguing that the abstract artist killed the medium with his late-1950s Black Paintings — terrific negations of the illusory depth of classical art and the feverish emotions of abstract expressionism — and then tried, beginning in the 1970s, to reanimate the corpse by cranking the picture plane out into three dimensions. Suffice it to say that the cigar-chomping artist has not troubled himself much with definitions of painting versus sculpture, instead noting, “Making art is complicated because the categories are always changing. You just have to make your own art, and whatever categories it falls into will come later.”

Upon entering Marianne Boesky’s first, smaller gallery, you encounter Creutzwald (1992), a roughly chest-high amalgam of buckled metal planes entwined by snarled steel tendrils. This is contrasted with K. 150 (2014) — brightly colored plastic coils colonizing a milky, perforated panel. While Creutzwald is jagged and rusty enough to threaten tetanus, you can sense its DNA in K. 150‘s smooth eruptions of form. Very different from the harmonic creases of John Chamberlain’s crushed car bodies or Richard Serra’s stately processions of corroded steel, the conceptual whipsaw here — between oxidized decay and chromatic effulgence — is typical of Stella’s lifelong search for abstract manifestations of intellectual metaphors, from references to Nazi propaganda in the Black Paintings to Moby-Dick in the 1980s to the current “K Series,” which is based on the works of an 18th-century Italian composer.

Through the narrow opening into the main gallery, you glimpse a huge farrago of ragged metal: Fishkill (1995), whose serpentine twists pull off the substantial effect of simultaneously expanding and crumpling. Lurking around the corner and exerting a sudden tug of aesthetic gravity, Puffed Star (2014) is composed of billowing aluminum protuberances, the uppermost points of which loft to the ceiling’s skylight. The space in the gallery feels disturbed, as if time has been reversed, with the artist creating a young and vigorous star pulsing with silvery energy in our current moment, while 20 years earlier he envisioned a collapsed sun, degenerate but still impressive in its scattershot volume and dead weight. (Crucially, one of the welded legs supporting Fishkill is bent and cankered with rust.)

Stella’s ever-evolving blend of elegance and cacophony has always possessed a sense of exquisite randomness, and in Puffed Star you can almost hear the eternal background buzz of the Big Bang, without which Earthlings — the only life in the universe yet known — wouldn’t exist. So maybe Stella got it right all along: The noise is every bit as important as the signal.

Marianne Boesky Gallery, 509 West 24th Street, through December 20, 2014