Digital Ink


Time was, the World Wide Web was a wide-open space peopled by the cyberspace equivalent of Hyde Park speakers: long on energy, but short on thought, talent, artistry, or . . . ahem . . . bandwidth. Faster modems and faster microprocessors, though, soon conspired with desperation among hardware and software manufacturers to help grow the computer industry dramatically, and the Internet emerged as the Next Big Thing in computing.

To a growing number of artists (and engineering types with artistic sensibilities), this was wildly exciting. It often seems that the day is not far off when the digital platform will be as
widely and effectively used for art and entertainment as television and print are today.

That, at least, was the thinking of Ryan Lane, a longtime Web developer who looked up one day from years of work at Microsoft, SPRY Inc., Wall Data, and various other enterprises and saw that the Internet landscape had changed not for the better, as he had been expecting, but for the worse. “I clicked on the Excite portal’s entertainment links one day,” he says, “and all I saw were links to sites promoting other media. There were no pure Web-only entertainment sites. And I started thinking, ‘What will it take to give the online world artistic credibility? When will the day come when people are saying, “Did you catch so-and-so online last night?” ‘ ”

The problem, as Lane and other like-minded people now see it, is that the Net has been co-opted by commerce. No sooner did enough people get online than the image of the Web in the popular imagination changed from an information medium to a commercial one.

To counter that trend, Lane helped form a Seattle-based group,, that is exploring and experimenting with Web-only art forms. (The collective’s Seattle location represents a significant move forward in a city long associated— at least by reputation— with the business of computing, rather than with experimental digital art.) “We get together,” he says, “and exchange ideas, show each other our work, and really beat up on each other.” Now, on a number of sites (,,,, and, group members are showcasing their work with the hope, Lane says, “of being recognized for their content rather than their technology.”

In the course of their experimentation, members are encountering a number of interesting barriers both to good artistic expression and to connection with a wide audience. Some are out of an artist’s control: The Internet-enabled computer, for example, still is deployed at nowhere near the ubiquity of the television or the radio. There also is no artistic tradition in cyberspace, and no real understanding of what kind of art will “sell” online. “There is the problem of attention span, for one thing,” says Lane, “and the fact that users have millions of options. They are constantly clicking around. Bore them for a second, and they’re gone.”

Most inventive in this regard has been artist Nathan Tucker, whose “Annoy the Little Man,” an interactive programlet (it can be hard to name art forms that have only just been invented) has proven something of an online hit. In order to annoy the title character, you move your mouse around and over his head. (You sort of have to see the thing to understand how it works, and why it is so much fun to play with.) “You have to do a lot of ‘manipulation,’ ” Tucker says, “to keep people on your site. You have to think of ways to draw them in and keep them there.” He thinks of his little entertainments (another, called “Know Your Letters,” can be found at as “time killers giving people something to do. It’s something we can do that TV can’t do.”

Tucker sees present-day Internet computing as an “embryonic” precursor to a future “monster” that will be a blend of television and the Internet. For now, though, it is a laboratory where he and his collaborators can “get a couple of toes in the online door. We’ve poured a lot of energy into this, with little or no monetary reward. We’re really looking forward to the day when we can quit our day jobs.”

Such ambition sounds laughable on the face of it, as does Lane’s intention to find the answer to the question “What do you have to do to create something online that people can be interested in for years?” But given the surprising evolution of the Net as measured against the rather different expectations for it only a few years ago, is likely on to something. After all, as Tucker observes when asked about, “We get hits from all over the world. And we haven’t even sold the site. Three years ago, I
never would have thought we’d have an audience this huge for something like this. It’s such a strange environment.”