By Jared Chausow
By Katie Toth
By Elizabeth Flock
By Albert Samaha
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By Jon Campbell
By Jon Campbell
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Just two years ago, George Bush rode into the White House on the wings of a broad right-wing coalition that sought above all else to curtail the force and reach of the federal government so as to return power to the states. Now these same right-wingers are using the power of that federal government to ride roughshod over the very America they claimed to represent.
They've even gone so far as to reveal, after the fact, the establishment of a secret shadow government under the Continuity of Operations Plan. Bush not only failed to tell congressional leaders he was setting up an alternative command, but left Congress entirely out of it. Currently, about 100 civilian personnel rotate on 24-hour duty in secret bunkers.
Now, it turns out, the bunkers held in readiness for officials who flee Washington in case of an attack aren't so secret after all. Though The Washington Post last week delicately avoided mentioning the sites by name in deference to the White House, the paper gave a fairly full description of them in 1992.
First among the facilities listed in that article is Mount Weather, some 50 miles from Washington in Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains. Run by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and called the "Special Facility," it was then slated to be HQ for the president, cabinet heads, justices of the Supreme Court, and other top officials. It has a health clinic, fresh water supplies, a dorm, cafeteria, and communication posts. There's also a TV studio so the president can address the nation.
While still treated as some big secret, Mount Weather has achieved near mythic status in Washington since the Cold War and is assumed to have been on the Soviet priority-target list. In 1974, a TWA plane crashed into the mountain, resulting in a barrage of publicity. And tourists who paused to stare at the entrance found themselves being carefully scrutinized by government agents.
Also in Virginia, at Culpeper, the Federal Reserve has constructed a big hidden center so it can keep the banks running and be in a position to print money.
Another underground hideout, Site R, is located at Raven Rock Mountain, six miles north of the presidential retreat at Camp David and near Fort Ritchie on the Maryland-Pennsylvania border. Better known as the "underground Pentagon," it is meant to be an HQ for a communications center and the military command (or what's left of it after a nuclear devastation of Washington). In addition to computers and communications gear, the Post reported, the facility contains a barbershop, dental and medical clinics, a fresh water reservoir, and a chapel.
According to one former federal civil servant, Site R originally was intended as an underground location for the Supreme Court and Congress. "Yes, I was given military orders to Site R. I never went," the servant told the Voice. "The guy I was relieving told me it's like being the manager of the Holiday Innyou have to make sure the beds are made. He said I would be seeing members of the Supreme Court, cabinet officials, congressmen, and maybe even the president."
Even more than Mount Weather, Site R has been the center of various rumors. These include talk that a squadron of fighters is stationed underground and that the government is controlling the weather. According to one story, the government would protect Site R by somehow seeding a dense radioactive cloud that would float above it. The government denied all of this.
Out West, the Cheyenne Mountain facility at Colorado Springs, Colorado, would be the HQ for the North American Aerospace Defense Command. NORAD was created to watch for impending attacks, but this fabled site has lately become a tourist attraction.
News that Bush was constructing a secret governmentminus Congressto run the country in times of crisis generated mild opposition on Capitol Hill, where according to one congressman, members are still "scared" of getting killed in an attack and not interested in much of anything except the quickest emergency exit. They are also interested in getting re-elected and have thus been hesitant to support Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle, who may want to run for the presidency himself, in his recent diplomatic distancing from Bush.
Daschle has been one of the few politicians willing to openly criticize the administration's ill-defined, expanding war on terror. On March 1, he gently reminded the president, "Congress has a constitutional responsibility to ask questions. We are not a rubber stamp to the president or to anybody else. We must do what the Constitution and what our best judgment requires." And he also said, "I don't think in some cases we've been adequately consulted. . . . If we don't think we're being adequately consulted, I think we have to speak out."
Daschle's remarks apparently were prompted by the éminence grise of the Senate, West Virginia's Robert Byrd, a Democrat who himself asked the president for a "plan" of just what he was doing. Byrd, more than anyone else, sets the parameters of debate.