By Alex Distefano
By Scott Snowden
By Anna Merlan
By Steve Almond
By Jena Ardell
By Jon Campbell
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Tessa Stuart
April 29, 1993At the Hands Across Watts peace summit between members of the Bloods and the Crips, convicted murderer Stanley Tookie Williams delivers a videotaped message from San Quentins death row to hundreds of gang members gathered in a Los Angeles hotel ballroom. "Working together, he tells them, we can put an end to this cycle that creates deep pain in the hearts of our mothers, our fathers, and our people, who have lost loved ones to this senseless violence.
April 13, 1997Williams posts an apology for his previous gang activity on www.tookie.com, lamenting, When I created the Crips youth gang. . . in South Central Los Angeles, I never imagined Crips membership would one day spread throughout California, would spread to much of the rest of the nation and to cities in South Africa, where Crips copycat gangs have formed. I also didn't expect the Crips to end up ruining the lives of so many young people, especially young black men who have hurt other young black men. . . . So today I apologize to you allthe children of America and South Africawho must cope every day with dangerous street gangs. I no longer participate in the so-called gangster lifestyle, and I deeply regret that I ever did. . . . I pray that one day my apology will be accepted. I also pray that your suffering, caused by gang violence, will soon come to an end as more gang members wake up and stop hurting themselves and others. I vow to spend the rest of my life working toward solutions."
August 1997PowerKids Press publishes Williams series of childrens books. Co-written with author Barbara Cottman Becnel, the books offer children alternatives to gang violence. If you're going to teach a child, teach him properly, Williams will say to Mother Jones in 2001. My books, they are about instilling confidence, trying to convince youngsters that they have the potential to succeed in life, and that they don't have to succumb to the stereotypes.
November 18, 2000Swiss Member of Parliament and death penalty opponent Mario Fehr nominates Williams for the Nobel Peace Prize. United Nations General Secretary Kofi Annan ultimately takes the prize in February 2001; Williams would receive five more Nobel nominations, including one for Literature, the latest coming on December 8. "Everybody is not loved and everybody is not hated. . . . I didn't nominate myself," Williams tells the Contra Costa Times shortly after news of the nomination breaks. "I let the merits of what I do speak for itself. My main objective is to convince kids that the gang life is a cause-less cause. I try to apprise them of the fact that there are other ways."
September 10, 2002The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals rejects the appeal of his death sentence, but suggests Williams apply for clemency from Gray Davis, then governor of California. "Although Williams' good works and accomplishments since incarceration may make him a worthy candidate for the exercise of gubernatorial discretion, they are not matters that we in the federal judiciary are at liberty to take into consideration," Judge Preston Hug writes in the majority opinion.
November 30, 2005Williams speaks to WBAIs Amy Goodman from prison in one of his final interviews. I continue to live my life day by day, or shall I say, minute by minute, hour by hour, and day by day, as I have been doing since my redemption, he tells Goodman on Democracy Now! It has nothing to do with a cavalier attitude. It has nothing to do with machismo or manhood or some pseudo code of the streets, which I formerly used. It has to do with my faith in God and my redemption. . . .I don't fear this type of stuff. I'm at peace. And when you maintain this sense of peace and you live by truth, by integrity, these things don't bother me. It doesn't.
December 11, 2005The California State Supreme Court denies a plea to grant a stay of execution and reopen Williamss case, asserting in its ruling that he has not made a prima facia showing that his claims, whether viewed individually or in aggregate, could meet the statutory requirements of both due diligence and clear and convincing evidence of actual innocence."
December 12, 2005Seven months after it rejected Williamss final appeal, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denies a request to issue a stay of the executionbut again suggests that Williams seek clemency.
December 12, 2005Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger denies clemency hours later, saying, "After studying the evidence, searching the history, listening to the arguments and wrestling with the profound consequences, I could find no justification for granting clemency. The facts do not justify overturning the jury's verdict or the decisions of the courts in this case. The possible irregularities in Williams' trial have been thoroughly and carefully reviewed by the courts, and there is no reason to disturb the judicial decisions that uphold the jury's decisions that he is guilty. . . and should pay with his life."
December 12, 2005Attorneys for Williams file a last-ditch appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, hoping to win a stay of his execution. The high court rejects the appeal without comment.
December 13, 2005Stanley Tookie Williams dies in Californias San Quentin Prison after receiving a lethal injection. He was 51 years old. According to the Los Angeles Times, he told friends he wasn't afraid of death. Witnesses to the killing told the paper it took 10 minutes to locate a vein, and that among his last words were these: "Still can't find it?"