By Jared Chausow
By Katie Toth
By Elizabeth Flock
By Albert Samaha
By Anna Merlan
By Jon Campbell
By Jon Campbell
By Albert Samaha
Phaidon Press has put out two of the season's biggest retrospective volumesone on the underappreciated Italian photographer Mario Giacomelli, the other on the overanthologized American Elliott Erwittboth recommended for their range, depth, and all-around appeal. (Erwitt, who too often presents himself as a clever charmer, has rarely looked so sharp or substantial.) But Phaidon's best bet this year, Roy DeCarava's The Sound I Saw ($75), is an ambitious and genuine tour de force. If not quite a masterpiece, it comes damn close. Conceived in the late '50s, shortly after DeCarava's collaboration with Langston Hughes, The Sweet Flypaper of Life, became a popular success, The Sound I Saw was written, designed, and laid out by the photographer in the early '60s but failed to find a publisher until now. DeCarava's brief introductory note describes the book, subtitled Improvisation on a Jazz Theme, as "a stream of images as seen and felt through the eyes and mind of a jazz musician on a stage." Its sequencing is intriguingly allusive, alternating full-bleed photos with smaller ones in a deliberate, staccato rhythm that begins onstage but encompasses and illuminates the world.
Included are many of DeCarava's most famous images of performers and anonymous city dwellers, all uncaptioned, along with other pictures that have never been published before. You'll recognize Ornette Coleman, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Lena Horne, Count Basie, Miles Davis, and many others, but DeCarava grounds them all in ordinary lifenot only in the black experience, but also in the broadest sort of human experienceso celebrity is eclipsed by the vision of a tough, vibrant, and shared soul. At times that message is unnecessarily didactic: Ella Fitzgerald, in a glittering dress and white fur, faces off with a housewife in an apron, ironing. But the photographer understands his subject too well to allow this sort of clumsiness to disturb his book's organic, emotional flow more than momentarily. Still, DeCarava threads his photos with a long poem that is no match for the subtlety and concision of the images; its mood of righteous fury and earnest celebration marks the book as a period piece in a way the photos never do. One can only imagine the impact The Sound I Saw would have had in its time, but that shouldn't stop it from having one in ours.
Richard Avedon delivers another extraordinary period piece with Made in France, the slim but lavish catalog of his recent show at the Fraenkel Gallery in San Francisco (Fraenkel, $75). Though nearly all the images hereboth studio and environmental shots of the Paris collections taken on assignment for Harper's Bazaar in the '50shave been published before, their format and presentation are completely original. Each page, front and back, is a faithful reproduction of the original engraver's print, including its heavily annotated mount. Preserved, along with the astonishing clarity and undimmed brilliance of the photos, are strips of masking tape, scuff marks, rubber stamps, and a flurry of penciled numbers and dates, as well as Avedon's crop marks and exuberant signature and Bazaar editor in chief Carmel Snow's meticulous, typed descriptions of the clothes ("Note how much you see of bosom," she underlines emphatically before pointing out the "I. MILLER SHOES"). "A picture in a magazine is a view without a window," Avedon says in Judith Thurman's graceful text. "Here you have the windowthe context of production." That context doesn't entirely demystify these utterly convincing fantasies of feminine allure, but all the evidence of an artist (and his models, his editor, his printer, his art director, etc.) at work does put them in perspective. "This book documents the last time the sensibility of my fashion work wasn't commercially driven," Avedon tells Thurman. I don't really believe himtoo much inspired fashion work followedbut no matter; it's the hectic, heady give-and-take of art and commerce that makes Made in France so exciting.
During the same years Avedon dominated the pages of Bazaar, Irving Penn ruled at Vogue. Their sensibilities were different, but they were so equally matched that they seemed less like rivals than goads to one another. An excellent competitor is often more important to an artist than an admiring ally. Unlike Avedon, however, Penn has continued to do regular editorial fashion work and, following a long period when he apparently couldn't have cared less, he's back to turning out sensational, showstopping images. Many of these pictures are still lifes, a genre he's excelled in from the beginning, and nearly 100 of them are collected in Still Life (Bulfinch, $85). There is nothing effortless about a Penn still life, but his calculated cool hasn't interfered with his uncanny ability to surprise, delight, and shock the eye. His stacked squares of frozen foods, spilled handbag, fly-dotted screen window, diamond-dripping faucet, and array of aphrodisiacs (including a $100 bill) are as flawless as they are witty. But nothing's as drop-dead elegant as Penn's debris: crushed cigarette butts, a blackened paper cup, a muddy glove. Next to these funky but chic icons, the skull-and-bones vanitas arrangements here look heavy-handed and arty. More than anyone, Penn should know that more is less.
Beginning in 1955, Guy Bourdin (1928-91) worked primarily at French Vogue, where his startlingly erotic, chillingly misogynistic images made Helmut Newton, who shared those same editorial pages, look like a purring pussycat. But Bourdin was just the sort of cruel, fearless provocateur the rag biz needed, and his '60s and '70s photographs are among the most memorable and influential images produced in or out of fashion during those decades. Because Bourdin never permitted a book to be published during his lifetime, and his estate has been tied up in litigation ever since, Exhibit A (Bulfinch, $75) is the first collection of his work. Appropriately, it's not a pretty sight. The covera heavily roughed nude sprawled on a white floor, a glossy torrent of "blood" pouring from her mouthsets the macabre mood. Like the surrealists, Bourdin toyed with sex, death, and bizarre incongruities, but his determination to shock the bourgeoisie looks terribly dated these days, and his audaciousness is fatally tainted by his nastiness. Yet Exhibit A is one of the year's most important books of fashion photography. Not only does it bring Bourdin's fuck-you originality back into print, but it clearly lays out the source material for the slew of derivative work done in the years since he faded from the scene.
Sex and death are served muy caliente in Ruven Afanador's Torero (Edition Stemmle, $75), the fashion photographer's frankly obsessive study of young bullfighters in Spain, Mexico, Peru, and his native Colombia. In the absence of a new Bruce Weber book, Torero is this season's most unabashed celebration of male beautya big, luxuriously produced volume of dashingly handsome men in and out of their clothes. In this case, those clothes are an essential and absorbing part of the story. Like a lover who can't get close enough, Afanador studies their details: the slippers with their grosgrain bows, the gold embroidery that encrusts the jackets, the stiff capes, the sheer stockings, and, of course, the skintight pants that splay a man's genitals against his thigh with all the subtlety of sausages in silk. The outrageous elegance and cocky sexuality of this costume provides the ideal mirror for Afanador's exploration of the interplay of brutal masculinity and coquettish femininity in his young subjects. Displaying themselves with the hauteur of fashion models, the toreros are the epitome of male vanity and vulnerability. Afanador zeroes in on their cocks and their wounds and, without ever showing the men in action, evokes the operatic excess of the bullfighter's ritual sacrifice.
Finally, there's the nearly as operatic excess of Gabriel Bauret's Color Photography (Assouline, $65), a survey whose eccentricity is more impressive than its comprehensiveness. With the gorgeous, grainy blur of John Rawlings's flower study on the cover, this oversized book promises pure pleasure and, more often than not, delivers. Taking as his subject the wide range of color work, Bauret covers a lot of groundfrom Steichen to Samaras, Lartigue to Leibovitzand touches on many genres, but he never pretends to do more than sketch in a history. That leaves him free to be quite idiosyncratic and playful in his choicesto put Neil Winokur's butcher knife next to William Eggleston's famous red ceiling, for instanceand to be far more attentive to European photographers than the editors of previous compendiums of this sort. The result is a ravishing hodgepodge, an overabundance perfectly attuned to the holiday appetite.
"The Lit Parade: Our 25 Favorite Books of the Year