By Alex Distefano
By Scott Snowden
By Anna Merlan
By Steve Almond
By Jena Ardell
By Jon Campbell
By Alan Scherstuhl
By Tessa Stuart
"Our current system is not broken, so we don't need to fix it," said Public Advocate Betsy Gotbaum last week, joining Comptroller Bill Thompson in an assault on the Bloomberg charter proposal that attempts to make New York the 84th of the nation's top 100 cities to be governed by nonpartisan elections. With Gotbaum only the third woman ever elected citywide and Thompson only the second black, their assessment of our just-peachy partisan primary process, designed to arouse the Democratic grassroots against next Tuesday's ballot question, couldn't be more subjective.
Unlike most major American cities with nonwhite and female voting age majorities, New York has elected just one black mayor, and no woman, Latino, or Asian mayor. In fact, Latinos, the city's largest minority, have yet to hold any of the three citywide posts, and Asians, the fastest growing minority with 10 percent of the voting age population, are represented by a solitary member of the 51-member City Council. The city's only black mayor was also the only Democratic incumbent in the 20th century to lose to a Republican challenger, with two of every three white Democratic voters deserting the party for Rudy Giuliani in 1993. So much for the empowering benefits of partisan politics.
Indeed, after winning competitive Democratic primaries in 2001, Thompson and Gotbaum were elected virtually without opposition that Novemberascensions that make them models of the dysfunction of pointless and publicly subsidized general elections. Though the incumbents for their posts could not seek re-election, neither the Republicans nor a third party fielded real candidates. So Gotbaum holds office due to the 156,832 primary Democrats who voted for her4.2 percent of the total electorateand Thompson won just 8.3 percent of the city's registered voters in a head-to-head primary.
Neither is apparently troubled by the fact that 1.3 million registered independents, Republicans, and othersNew York's second-class voterswere barred from voting in the primary that anointed them. Nor are they troubled by the $291,059 in Campaign Finance Board subsidies they collected for their general elections by acclamation. Nor are they concerned about the fact that no one in modern times who's held either of their posts had to win it in competitive November races.
Similarly, the City Council has never had a minority or female speaker and still has a narrow white-majority membership, though the city's voting-age population is 61 percent nonwhite. With all the shrill and unsupported slams at the supposed rich-boy bias of Bloomberg's nonpartisan alternative, has anyone noticed the 33-year-old preppie installed by Queens' white party boss at the helm of the council? Or that only one of the 25 minority councilmembers comes from a district that is less than 70 percent minority, while seven predominantly nonwhite districts have white councilmembers? Or that the district created a decade ago to give Chinatown its first shot at representation is instead represented by a white councilmember who got a measly 21 percent in the multi-candidate primary vote of 2001?
Take away a single Bronx councilmanic district where incumbents have lost three elections in a row and it's been literally impossible to beat an incumbent since 1993. All incumbents are expected to win again next week, as they did in the September primary. The only real contestin a general election that will cost $1.7 million in public fundswas provoked by an assassination. And if you expect partisan elections to become more competitive, Republican registration actually declined from 14 percent of all voters to 12 percent during the last 10 years of GOP mayoralties.
Yet council candidates who won in 2001 general election landslideswith margins of above 30 percentdrained $2.1 million from the campaign finance system, with borough presidents adding another million. Minorities finally hold three of the borough president or beep jobs, just when the powers of that position are so reduced they've become bleep jobs.
The apocalyptic opponents of Bloomberg's proposalfrom the professional pols to the goo-goos who lobby themlean on the slender reed of three Republican mayoral terms in a row as a sign of a vital democracy. But all Rudy did was beat the black guy, hardly a lesson in civics, and it took 3,000 dead and $75 million to make hybrid Bloomberg a second exception to the rule. It was as recently as 1981 that Ed Koch ran for re-election on the Democratic and Republican lines. The last Republican mayor, John Lindsay, elected in 1965, became a Democrat while in office.
"What's the rush?" opponents seductively ask, though four charter commissions in the last half-decade have considered the switch to nonpartisan, and the city has been filling vacancies that way since 1988, with higher turnouts than in partisan vacancy elections. Is there anyone who believes that this sky-is-falling gang would calmly assess changing the rules that put them in power if the charter revision is postponed for another year, as it was in 2002? They circled the same wagons in 1993 and 1996 when term limits were on the ballot, warning that fresh faces would kill wise governance, even trying, when they lost both referenda, to revoke the people's will legislatively. There is no more hidebound a public-employee union than one that protects the interests of elected elites.
It's not certain that the Bloomberg reform will succeed where partisan elections have so certainly failed. It is clear that none of the bombast against this proposalincluding the rants from the GOP and its propaganda apparatus at the New York Post and the Manhattan Institutehas made a supportable case that it would reduce turnout or minority opportunity (either ethnic or ideological). The canard that this change favors billionaires or Schwarzeneggers is refuted by decades of experience with nonpartisan choice in virtually every major American city except us and Philadelphia.