The Unbearable Lightness of Being

David O. Russell gets to the ♥ of the matter with an existential farce and a Gulf War II doc

In a career that otherwise defies classification, writer-director David O. Russell has found humor where others fear to tread, or never think to look. Spanking the Monkey (1994) is a comedy about mother-son incest, Flirting With Disaster (1996) a comedy about adoption and adultery, Three Kings (1999) a comedy about the moral confusion of war. A euphoric bungee jump into the abyss of the Big Everything, the 46-year-old Russell's miraculous new film, I Huckabees (opening October 1), is by far his boldest: a comedy about the meaning of life, the nature of reality, the mystery of consciousness, and the elusiveness of infinity. It poses questions that are seldom spoken out loud, and generally not heard at your local multiplex: "How am I not myself?" and "Is existence a cruel joke?" and "What happens in a meadow at dusk?" and "Do you love me, with the bonnet?"

If Russell's blithely profound mishmash of screwball Sartre and zany Zen seems incongruous, it's because movies have historically consigned existential musings to the more passive and agonized sectors of art cinema. Huckabees, like Russell's other films, is furiously active, bordering on unhinged, and its farcical tone proves ideally suited to philosophical striving: The movie acknowledges that to undertake such a quest is often to risk ridicule, even as it reconnects existentialism to a rich tradition of absurdity. "A Zen monk once told me, 'If you're not laughing, you're not getting it.' " Russell says. "These questions are absurd in some respects. Sometimes you cry because of the absurdity. Some people say that you talk about the serious stuff and then you put in comedy to make it go down easier. But no, they're one and the same."

Balancing an almost unfeasible multitude of ideas at any given moment, IHuckabees defies lucid synopsis. Poet-activist Albert (Jason Schwartzman), a fervent campaigner against suburban sprawl, hires "existential detectives" Bernard and Vivian Jaffe (Dustin Hoffman and Lily Tomlin) to investigate a coincidence that he hopes will illuminate an underlying truth about his life. Variously aiding and complicating the client's psychic "dismantling" are Brad (Jude Law), a slippery exec who muscles in on Albert's coalition on behalf of Huckabees, a Target-like department store; Brad's girlfriend and Huckabees model Dawn (Naomi Watts); Albert's fellow patient Tommy (an amazing Mark Wahlberg), a firefighter enraged about September 11 and the evils of the petroleum economy (perhaps a holdover from Three Kings, where Wahlberg's character was forced to drink crude oil by an Iraqi torturer); and the frosty Caterine Vauban (Isabelle Huppert), a French philosopher who offers a seductive nihilist alternative to the Jaffes (her business card promises "cruelty, manipulation, meaninglessness").

Subverting with disaster: Russell on the Huckabees set
photo: Claudette Barius
Subverting with disaster: Russell on the Huckabees set

Russell, who spent his twenties as an activist, says Huckabees is his most personal film to date. "I know what it's like to stand in parking lots trying to talk to people. That's what drove me to Jason. When I first saw Rushmore I recognized that spirit. Jason's friendship with Mark in the movie is like my friendship with Mark. I'm the middle-class guy who went to college; Mark is the ghetto guy who went to jail." But unlike Schwartzman's character, he adds, "I never wrote political poetry, except maybe once in the eighth grade, in the mode of a kind of Jimi Hendrix rant. I did organize people in a mill town in Maine, primarily around getting a slumlord to fix up tenements. That was the first time I used video to document something for political purposes—we showed it to the mayor and the tenements got fixed."

Living under the Bush administration has reignited Russell's activist instincts—he's held fundraisers for Howard Dean and Barbara Boxer, and he recently made a documentary, with Tricia Regan and Juan Carlos Zaldívar, called Soldiers Pay, a real-world follow-up to his Gulf War–set Three Kings. A talking-head piece featuring interviews with war veterans and Iraqi refugees, the 35-minute film paints a succinct, queasy picture of the emotional and moral toll of war. Of particular interest is the story of Sergeant Matt Novak, who talks of the "requisitioning" that was common practice among U.S. forces, and the blur of crime and punishment that ensued when, in a scenario uncannily similar to the one in Three Kings, he found a few hundred million dollars in a house in Baghdad. With the help of his brother-in-law, a private investigator, Russell tracked down Novak, who had been mentioned in a Los Angeles Times article. "[Novak] had seen Three Kings," Russell says, "and he felt it was very accurate."

Soldiers Pay was commissioned by Warner Bros. as a DVD extra for Three Kings and to be shown with the film during its theatrical re-release, planned for before the election. But in early September, the studio dropped the documentary and bumped the 3K relaunch off its 2004 schedule; Russell says they "wanted no part of a film raising these questions in an election year." Soldiers Pay is now being released theatrically and on DVD through the small distributor Cinema Libre (in New York, it screens at the Quad starting October 1).

Russell's low-budget doc may prove a topical lightning rod, but his star-studded movie, despite its ostensibly idiosyncratic and personal concerns, is no less political. I Huckabees may be the most heartfelt cinematic reaction yet to September 11—especially in Wahlberg's character, it crystallizes the free-floating confusion and despair of the post–9-11 world, and shows a bracing willingness to dive in. "Everything Tommy says about 9-11 is what I think about it: 'Why is it people only ask themselves deep questions when something really bad happens?' For about five minutes after 9-11, people were filled with questions about existence and our culture and our world," Russell says. "And then it was back to business. Let's put it in a box called 'terrorists' and not think about it." Huckabees positions the very act of questioning as an essential rebellion. "I would say that's the fundamental difference between the Democratic and Republican parties. That's why the Republicans have an easier time—they just don't ask questions," Russell says. "And that's always an easier sell. 'Just have this beer—and this fear—and leave it to us.' "

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