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Steve McQueen’s first two films both star Michael Fassbender, feature virtually interchangeable titles, and are nearly as grueling to watch as they must have been to make. But where Shame might be almost as excruciating as 2008’s Hunger, it’s a lot less exalted.
In Hunger, Fassbender’s imprisoned Irish revolutionary Bobby Sands starved himself to death; in Shame, Fassbender’s thirtysomething Manhattan office drone mortifies his flesh in another fashion. Captive to an insatiable appetite for porn, whores, and quick hookups, both cyber and actual, he’s a sex addict. Fassbender gives McQueen another extraordinarily physical performance but, while often unclothed, he’s less revealing (or at least more withholding). Hunger‘s visceral evocation of suffering and release made it one of the most compelling cine-experiential death trips produced in the wake of Mel Gibson’s Passion of the Christ; Shame is basically punitive, though further resembling The Passion in its self-flagellating case history.
Shame shares Hunger‘s fastidious mise-en-scène and taste for solemn music. Crucifixion imagery abounds: Fassbender’s Brandon is introduced sprawled out in bed, naked save for a blue loincloth of tousled sheets. His monastic high-rise apartment is barely distinguishable from the Standard hotel room where he nails high-class hookers against the giant windows. Is this God’s city or Satan’s? Hunger established McQueen as an essentially religious artist, or at least an artist steeped in religious iconography, and, like the pioneer sociologist Émile Durkheim, he seems to regard the Sacred as an allegiance to collective values (as expressed through Bobby’s martyrdom for the Cause) and the Profane as the privileging of individual concerns (Brandon’s inability to recognize, or even enjoy, an Other person).
Brandon is utterly self-concerned and completely single-minded in his pursuit of what Lacanian film theorists used to call “unpleasure.” Ignoring frantic phone calls from former one-night stands, reflexively jerking off in the shower or a toilet stall, he cruises through life, a master of pickup voodoo. In one would-be Bressonian scene, he hungrily eyes a cute subway commuter—hypnotizing his prey into arousal only to lose her in the rush-hour hubbub. Wanker though he might be, Brandon is still irresistibly charming. Instead of a Dorian Gray portrait to decay for him, he has a virus-infected computer: “Your hard drive is filthy!” his boss (James Badge Dale) exclaims. “Somebody’s been fucking with your account.”
That’s one way to put it. Brandon’s difficulty relating to actual people is dramatized when he returns home to find a strange chick in his shower. Not (or not necessarily) a desperate ex-lover, it’s his crazy younger sister, Sissy (Carey Mulligan). Another creature of need, if the temperamental opposite of self-contained Brandon, Sissy is equally prepared to push her way into his life or push herself in front of a subway. She’s also a performer—and Mulligan’s blowsy desperation makes for the movie’s best turn. (She’s like a refugee from the world of John Cassavetes.) In one set piece, Sissy slogs through a daringly lugubrious version of “New York, New York.” Shown in tight close-up, it’s the most authentically exposed bit of on-screen chantoosing since Jeanne Balibar’s hypno-drone “Johnny Guitar” in Ne change rien—even if the director rewards it with a bogus exclamation point, cutting away to the tear glistening in Brandon’s eye.
As opposed to Hunger, Shame is a film in which compulsion trumps conviction. The tone is impressionistic, cool, and programmatically anti-erotic. Intermittently, Brandon stages a flight to health—throwing out his impressively massive porn collection, taking a young woman from work (Nicole Beharie) to dinner. In the first of two long single-take scenes, Brandon lectures his date on the pointlessness of marriage; in the other, he waylays her in the Xerox room and brings her back to the Standard for a matinee. It’s the movie’s sexiest sequence, but because this is sex with someone for whom Brandon presumably cares (or for whom he wants to care), its failure is a foregone conclusion.
Human contact severed and Sissy abandoned to her fate, Brandon embarks on a manic journey to the end of the night, torturing himself with daredevil barroom pickups, hooker orgies, and a side trip to some homo hell of iniquity. Increasingly awful, his passion leaves us less gasping in physical horror than grasping at metaphysical straws. Is it Sissy who is scarred with a martyr’s stigmata? Was that an angel of hope riding to work on the Lexington Avenue local? Does the Lord really live in this cold, ethereal New York City? And is anyone even interested?
The phrase “over the top” doesn’t begin to characterize Polish director Andrzej Zulawski’s 1981 Possession. Made with an international cast in still-divided Berlin, the movie starts as an unusually violent breakup film, takes an extremely yucky turn toward Repulsion-style psychological breakdown, escalates into the avant-garde splatterific body horror of the ’70s (Eraserhead or The Brood), and ends in the realm of pulp metaphysics as in I Married a Monster From Outer Space.
Critics found Possession risible when, cut by some 40 minutes, it opened here for Halloween 1983. I confess I was one, terming it “a sort of arty Basketcase . . . difficult to recount with a straight face.” But I never forgot it; Possession is not a movie you can easily scrape off the bottom of your shoe, particularly in the complete two-hour version that is having its belated local premiere this week.
Zulawski seems to have subjected his actors to the sort of intense physical and psychological regimen associated with theatrical guru Jerzy Grotowski. Isabelle Adjani, crowned best actress at Cannes, gives the performance of a lifetime—a veritable aria of hysteria—as an increasingly distraught unfaithful wife who (literally) brings her (or our) delusions to life; wide-eyed and gasping for breath, Sam Neill is fiercely ineffectual as her volatile betrayed husband. Not just extremely performative, the movie is also wildly atmospheric. Carlo Rambaldi, the special-effects whiz who put the Alien in Alien, contributes a memorable slime monster, and West Berlin has never seemed bleaker.
Not without a political subtext (made by a Polish exile during the year of martial law), Possession is at once a dread-inducing ordeal, a bloody arabesque, and a swooning celebration of Adjani’s long, cloaked form in perpetual motion. The convulsive action reaches its peak, if not its dramatic climax, in the near-real-time scene in which, famously directed to “fuck the air,” contortionist Adjani bounces off the walls of an underground passage, hemorrhaging bloody goo from every orifice. A movie that has to be seen to be believed, Possession is like Rambaldi’s creature: It isn’t necessarily good, but it is most definitely something.