By Christian Viveros-Fauné
By Miriam Felton-Dansky
By Tom Sellar
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By Jessica Dawson
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It's a fabulously sunny spring day, and I'm standing on Lexington Avenue with the graphic novelist Jaime Hernandez. He's teetering on one leg in an imitation of Deadman, a cheesy superhero known for abruptly taking possession of people's bodies. Hernandez has struck this wobbly pose in response to my asking his opinion of comic-book artist Neal Adams's supremely realistic drawings. "If you see Neal doing a strip about people standing there talking in an office, that's just beautiful shit," Hernandez explains. "But when you see him drawing Deadman going, 'Whooo–oooh–ooooh'—it's not my exciting thing. As a kid, I thought it was, but it just didn't last."
Hernandez, who lives in Pasadena, California, is in town for the Museum of Comic and Cartoon Art Festival, where he's been signing copies of the new Abrams coffee-table book The Art of Jaime Hernandez: The Secrets of Life and Death. Since 1981, when he and two of his brothers self-published the first issue of the black-and-white comic book Love & Rockets, Hernandez has scripted and drawn more than 1,500 pages of a formally complex graphic novel that features a bevy of utterly absorbing female characters. The lavish Abrams volume includes original artwork from various issues of L&R, sketchbook pages, flyers for SoCal punk bands such as the Circle Jerks and Suicidal Tendencies, and lively text from art historian Todd Hignite.
While Hernandez's L&R women have often been lookers, over the past 29 years he has aged them beyond youthful pulchritude into emotionally believable adults, starting with the booty-ful Margarita Luisa Chascarrillo and that lithest of live wires, Esperanza Leticia Glass. More commonly known as Maggie and Hopey, these on-again, off-again lovers form the core of an ever-evolving, magic-realist universe, which includes the baroquely unstable Isabel Maria Ortiz Ruebens (Izzy) and the ridiculously gorgeous Beatriz Garcia (a/k/a Penny Century). Not wanting to be the hundredth journalist to simply query Hernandez on what his wife has called his "uncanny knack for female patter and pattern," I've instead offered to take him and Hignite on a jaunt to the Museum of Modern Art.
During our cab ride uptown, I bring up two quotes from Baudelaire's famous 1863 essay "The Painter of Modern Life," which Hignite uses in the Abrams book to illuminate Hernandez's exquisitely bold black-and-white ink drawings. One passage concludes that it's the artist's job to "express at once the attitude and the gesture of living beings, whether solemn or grotesque, and their luminous explosion in space."
Georges Seurat exemplified that vivid phrase, so I ask Hernandez if he's familiar with the French painter's powerful conte-crayon drawings, which share with his own a profound understanding of bodies in space—Seurat through infinite tonal gradations, Hernandez through dead-on contours, both artists masters of abstractly powerful compositions. He demurs that he barely recalls Seurat's pointillist paintings from a long-ago art class, then adds with typically self-deprecating humor, "I warn you, this is going to be all day—I'm going to be going, 'No, I never heard of that.' "
When I press Hernandez on how he achieves such convincing heft in his figures, he mentions a life-drawing class he took when he was 19, taught by a classically trained "real crab-ass" instructor who helped him understand "how the skeleton works, the weight of the body." When I ask if he still sketches from life, the 50-year-old artist says simply, "It's all my head now."
He gazes out the window of the taxi. "I like the city 'cause there's so much to look at, so just walkin' down the street my eyes are goin' 'dit-dit-dit-dah' "—he points a finger, rapidly changing directions—"I'm looking at the perspective of where the buildings are goin'. I'm watching how the people relate to the size of the building. I'm watchin' how this guy is walking, how he keeps his shoulders. You know, just shit like that."
Hernandez's conversation is peppered with reminders of what he refers to as his "lower-class upbringing" in Oxnard, California, as the fourth of six siblings in a Mexican-American family. A self-described "terrible" student who was raised Catholic, his formative influences were decidedly lowbrow: Archie and cut-rate superhero comics, Mexican wrestlers, and movies such as Samson vs. the Vampire Women.
These influences are prominent in the first installments of L&R, in which Maggie sends home letters that describe her job fixing spaceships in a Land of the Lost–type jungle overrun with dinosaurs. The missives travel between genres, from slam-bang sci-fi to the real-life drama where Hopey staples up flyers for her band and argues with promoters over club dates. These quotidian chores in and around Hoppers, the fictional stand-in for Hernandez's hometown, take place amid an ensemble cast of musicians, strippers, wrestlers, low-riding gang-bangers, and blue-collar families, all of whom provide the background for what came to be known as the "Locas" (crazy girls) tales.
But Hernandez has always kept the fantasy levers within easy reach, smoothly merging the otherworldly with crisp realism, combining panels in overall compositions that achieve an impact beyond verbal narrative or the linear progression of cinema. In a two-page spread from 2005's astonishingly moving Ghost of Hoppers, the image of a shrunken jack o' lantern segues to a panel of a young, drunken Maggie, who trips over a pumpkin and lands on the lawn near a sleeping dog. As she giddily tries to get up, the dog rises on its hind legs, a chilling personification of the devil.