By Gili Malinsky
By Bob Ruggiero
By Hilary Hughes
By Peter Gerstenzang
By David R. Adler
By Devon Maloney
By Brian McManus
By Jessica Hopper
Prayer for Peace
Back from his second tour of Vietnam, wherein he found peace in transcendent musical fusion, the violinist reflects on the dawn of apocalypse: Hiroshima, 1945. Even there, the chill gradually gives way to the fire of one of his trademark riffs, then segues into another from Compay Segundo. Joy all around, from Stuff Smith well beyond Sun Ra, with James Zollar's tart trumpet challenging Bang's razor-sharp violin. A
The Mark Lomax Trio
The State of Black America
Something about growing up in the Middle West gets you imagining that the whole country is spinning around your calm, clear-eyed pivot point. This Columbus, Ohio, sax trio picks up the pieces from the 1960s collision of black power and avant-jazz while dispensing with everything superfluous. Dean Hulett's bass and Mark Lomax's drums hold fast to their lore, while Edwin Bayard's tenor sax meditates on the blues and rises up to break down walls. A
Juhani Aaltonen Quartet
TUM Well into his seventies, a legend in his native Finland but scarcely recognized elsewhere, Aaltonen and his thoughtful flute would sweep the U.S. polls if anyone heard his three spots here. Still, they're light, relative to his smoldering, often colossal tenor sax. A MINUS
Borah Bergman Trio
At 75, he's outgrown the Cecil Taylor likeness, placing his stately chords with remarkable precision and logic amid the flutter of Greg Cohen and the percussive spray of Kenny Wollesen. John Zorn joins in for one cut, his abrasive alto sax something else. A MINUS
Gerald Wilson Orchestra
Mack Avenue The six-part suite commissioned for the venerable bandleader's former hometown hits all the right notes: sterling solos, including notable use of Yvette Devereaux's violin and son Anthony Wilson's guitar, backed by solid section work combining power and finesse. Two pieces cut with a star-studded New York group are even sharper. A MINUS
Cut the Rope
Trumpeter Natsuki Tamura's noise band, free jazz in a cartoon world, the bam-pop-pow splashed large and crude. Guitarist Kelly Churko churns out the electronics, while Satoko Fujii works her piano as a percussion machine. Amusing when they're just scattering shit, and irresistible when they tap into a groove. A MINUS
John Hicks & Frank Morgan
Three piano solos packed around two pairs of alto-sax duets, all standard stuff from way back when. This might seem like a lazy product concept, but it's all the more poignant in a memoir for the recently departed. A MINUS
Tin Hat Foreign Legion
BAG Chamber jazz, tightly arranged around the string framework of Carla Kihlstedt's violin and Mark Orton's guitar, subtly colored by Trio-breaker Ben Goldberg's clarinets. Might have been too pat, but Ara Anderson breaks out of the piano slot, emerging as a triple threat with romping pump organ and biting trumpet. A MINUS
New York Art Quartet
Old Stuff 
Cuneiform A short-lived group long remembered (their plainly titled third album, 35th Reunion, was cut in 1999), they worked more in altoist John Tchicai's Copenhagen than in New York. These radio shots are a happy find, especially for Roswell Rudd's gritty trombone. A MINUS
Ben Perowsky Quartet
Skirl The drummer borrows three-fifths of Claudia Quintet not to match rhythmic wits, but to play with the accordion-reeds sound, covering Hendrix and the Beatles and Brazilians, all while slipping in an original funeral blues that shows how far New York has moved beyond New Orleans. A MINUS
RED Trio RED Trio
Clean Feed Prepared-piano trio, where Hernani Faustino's bass is almost as percussive as, and even more discordant than, Rodrigo Pinheiro's piano, while Gabriel Ferrandini's percussion is nothing but. A MINUS
Roberto Rodriguez Timba Talmud
Tzadik Mixing violin and clarinet with congas, his Cuban-Klezmer fusion is skin-deep, a mash-up inspired by juxtaposing titles like "Mambo Kitsch," "Timba Talmud," and "Descarga 1492." (Does that last one mean "party like the Inquisition just started?") It is party music, fusing the ecstatic impulses of two cultures. He even parties for Obama. A MINUS
Andrea Fultz The German Projekt
The German Projekt Von Kopf bis Fuss auf Liebe. Maybe Brecht/Weill and Hollaender do sound better in the original German.
Dave Holland Octet Pathways
Dare2 Quintet plus extra horns, with big-band range and punch but nimbler.
Jason Moran Ten
Blue Note Postbop stride master rolls over classics and wears out his influences.
The Claudia Quintet + Gary Versace Royal Toast
Cuneiform Too rigorous for cocktail jazz, even though the soft instruments lean that way.
Brandon Wright Boiling Point
Posi-Tone Auspicious tenor-sax debut runs in fast company and burns up the track.
Bernardo Sassetti Trio Motion
Clean Feed Soundtrack piano, calm and composed, pretty but spare—more like serene.
The Gordon Grdina Trio . . . If Accident Will
Plunge The oud is delicate and deliberate, the guitar fully charged.
Arild Andersen Green in Blue: Early Quartets [1975-78]
ECM The bassist's first three discs, from Kurt Riisnaes's cutting sax to Juhani Aaltonen's dry flute.